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1. The burden of foodborne diseases in the African Region is difficult to surmise, but available data for diarrhoea due to contaminated food and water estimate mortality to be around 700 000 persons per year in all ages. African children suffer an estimated five episodes of diarrhoea per child per year, mostly due to contaminated infant food. Microbial and chemical contaminants are of concern. Unless these issues are addressed, countries will have difficulty in achieving the health-related Millennium Development Goals. 2. Despite efforts ...
The harmful use of alcohol in the African Region is increasing. The situation will worsen if appropriate action is not taken to address the problem. Episodic or binge drinking is a significant characteristic pattern of consumption, and estimated total deaths attributed to alcohol consumption show an important burden of mortality. 2. In 2006, a WHO technical consultation on the public health problems caused by the harmful use of alcohol recognized that alcohol-related problems are a serious public health concern in the African Region. 3. ...
Public health innovation and intellectual property progress made in the inter-governmental working group to facilitate implementation of resolution WHA 59.24
The African Region carries the heaviest burden of noncommunicable and communicable diseases, including HIV/AIDS, malaria and tuberculosis. Yet, more than 50% of the population in the Region lack regular access to essential medicines. One among other factors limiting access to medicines is high prices. Prices of patented medicines are particularly beyond the reach of the majority of the people in Africa. During the past decade, a growing international debate concerning the wider aspects of the relationship between intellectual property rights, ...
Onchocerciasis control in the WHO African Region: current situation and way forward (document AFR/RC57/5)
Resolution diabetes prevention and control: a strategy for the WHO African Region (document AFR/RC57/7)
1. The world health report 2000 defines health systems as comprising all the organizations, institutions and resources that are devoted to producing health actions whose primary purpose is to improve health. It identifies four functions of health systems, namely stewardship; health financing; generating human and physical resources; and provision of health services. 2. In the last thirty years, many initiatives have been undertaken at country, regional and global levels for strengthening health systems and improving the quality of health ...
WHO Programme Budget 2008-2009: Orientations for Implementation in the African Region: Report of the Regional Director
The WHO Programme Budget 2008-2009 is structured around 13 strategic objectives as presented in the WHO Medium-Term Strategic Plan 2008–2013. Each strategic objective has various proposed organization-wide expected results, and budgetary resources have been allocated accordingly. 2. The World Health Assembly has adopted the WHO Programme Budget 2008-2009 amounting to US$ 4.2 billion. The African Region will receive a share of US$ 1.2 billion, representing 28.2% of the total budget. The funds will be provided through Assessed contributions ...