Title: Health workers who migrate from the Republic of Moldova to work in Italy and other European Union countries
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: WHO Regional Office for Europe
Relation: Republic of Moldova Health Policy Paper Series;No. 17
Place of publication: Copenhagen
Language: English
Abstract: This mixed method study was undertaken to identify factors influencing the migration of Moldovan health professionals to Italy and other countries in the European Union (EU), as well as factors that influence their possible return to the Republic of Moldova. Conducted between July 2013 and February 2014, the study is based on a conceptual model developed by Padarath et al. (2003) and includes a literature study, over 25 indepth interviews and 150 questionnaires administered among Moldovan health professionals living in the EU. The study suggests that a wide range of motivations inform the decision to migrate and stay in the EU, indicating that financial concerns remain a key driver for the majority of migrants. Upon arrival in the recipient country many of the health professionals faced challenges related to employment in the health sector. Lengthy and costly diploma recognition procedures mean that only a minority work according to their level of qualification, yet only a small number of respondents intend to return to the Republic of Moldova. Besides an analysis of the push, pull, stay and return factors, this report provides a number of considerations for policies to improve the situation of Moldovan health professionals and the Moldovan health system.
Keywords: INTERNATIONAL MIGRATION
HEALTH MANPOWER — TRENDS
MIGRANT WORKERS
PERSONNEL RECRUITMENT
Subject: Health Personnel
Public Health
European Union
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/143115
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