SEA/RC60/21 - Follow-up action on selected resolutions/decisions of the last three years: challenges in polio eradication
AbstractThe Regional Committee resolution SEA/RC58/R6 on Polio Eradication: Final Strategy, affirmed the far-reaching humanitarian and economic benefits of achieving polio eradication, and provided the guiding framework for intensification of polio eradication activities at all levels. This paper summarizes the progress made with regard to implementation of strategies outlined in the WHO/UNICEF Global Immunization Vision and Strategy (GIVS), with particular focus on the two important elements of GIVS, namely strengthening of routine immunization, and introduction of new vaccines and technologies. The paper also provides a detailed update on activities related to polio eradication efforts at global, regional and national levels, with special focus on supplemental immunization activities in both countries still endemic to polio, as well as those where importation of wild or outbreaks of vaccine-derived polio viruses were seen. Finally, the paper outlines the major challenges facing the Global Polio Eradication Initiative (GPEI) and highlights some of the key WHO efforts for completing the task of polio eradication. The paper was discussed at the Joint Meting of Health Secretaries and the Consultative Committee for Programme Development and Management held in the Regional Office, New Delhi from 2-6 July 2007. The Joint Meeting made the following recommendations: Action by Member States To strengthen the EPI programme in order to maintain the highest surveillance levels and high routine immunization coverage as the best means to control the spread of polio virus and outbreaks in the Region. Action by WHO-SEARO (1) To support/facilitate a thorough review of the status of routine immunization in Member countries to strengthen polio eradication efforts and to maintain poliofree status in those countries where polio has been eradicated. (2) To convene the technical working group to evaluate the various options to prevent the spread of polio in the Region. (3) To seek and facilitate mobilization of financial resources for supporting the polio and routine immunization programme of the Member States. (4) To support and facilitate the Member States to maintain the highest surveillance levels and high routine immunization coverage as the best means to control the spread of polio virus and outbreaks in the Region. (5) To report on the progress made towards polio eradication to the Regional Committee on an annual basis until polio-free status is achieved in the Region. The paper is now submitted to the Sixtieth session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South East-Asia. (2007). SEA/RC60/21 - Follow-up action on selected resolutions/decisions of the last three years: challenges in polio eradication. WHO Regional Office for South East-Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/128618