SEA/RC65/14 - Progress reports on selected Regional Committee resolutions: Challenges in Polio Eradication (SEA/RC60/R8)
View StatisticsShow Statistical Information
AbstractPolio eradication continues to be a priority in the WHO South-East Asia (SEA) Region. This paper presents an update on the progress and challenges to polio eradication. India has made tremendous progress towards polio eradication. It was the only country in the SEA Region that had endemic transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) in 2011. As a result of concerted effort over the previous 12–24 months, the number of polio cases in India decreased by over 99% as compared with 2009. In 2011, only one wild poliovirus case was detected – the lowest number since surveillance was initiated in 1997. Success and lessons learnt in building a highly sensitive surveillance network for polio have been expanded to include strengthening surveillance for other vaccine-preventable diseases and monitoring routine immunization activities. Strategies adopted to stop polio transmission in India represent a multipronged approach. Eradication challenges have been approached systematically with specific programmes: the 107 high-risk block initiative in historically polio-endemic areas of western Uttar Pradesh and central Bihar has focused on rapid improvement in sanitation, availability of clean water, hygiene and prevention/control of diarrhoea; migrant populations that have played an important role in sustaining and spreading polio have been targeted for surveillance and immunization activities; and, the introduction of bivalent oral polio vaccine (bOPV) has provided an additional tool for epidemiological-based supplemental immunization activities. With continued, sustained effort in 2012–2013, we can look forward to certifying the Region polio-free in 2014. Finally, polio eradication requires substantial funding. A substantial proportion is being met through external funding; Member States can help the eradication effort by committing funds for surveillance, outbreak response, and strengthening routine immunization delivery. The HLP Meeting held in the Regional Office in New Delhi from 2 to 5 July 2012 reviewed the working paper and made the following recommendations: Action by Member States (1) To maintain high-quality AFP surveillance, high routine immunization coverage and supplementary immunization as required and adequate and timely response to an importation by implementation of the WHO advisory on polio immunization for travellers. Action by WHO/SEARO (1) To provide technical support for Member States in maintaining high-quality AFP surveillance, high routine immunization coverage and supplementary immunization as required, and adequate and timely response to an importation. The working paper and the HLP meeting recommendations are submitted to the Sixty fifth Session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2012). SEA/RC65/14 - Progress reports on selected Regional Committee resolutions: Challenges in Polio Eradication (SEA/RC60/R8). WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/128315
Gov't Doc #SEA/RC65/14
MetadataShow full item record
Showing items related by title and MeSH subject.
SEA/RC67/20 - Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination (SEA/RC65/R3) World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEA/RC67/20, 2014-07-28)The Sixty-fifth Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia held in Yogyakarta, Indonesia, adopted resolution SEA/RC65/R3 that outlined detailed recommendations and action points for Member States and WHO on the follow-up of the Consultative Expert Working Group on Research and Development: Financing and Coordination (CEWG). The Regional Committee resolution provided the basis for the draft resolution during the open-ended meeting of all WHO Member States, held from 26 to 28 November 2012 in Geneva, leading to WHA66.22 in 2013. As ...
SEA/RC67/18 - 2012: Year of intensification of routine immunization in the South-East Asia Region: Framework for increasing and sustaining coverage (SEA/RC64/R3) World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEA/RC67/18, 2014-07-28)To respond to the challenge of a large number of unimmunized children in the South-East Asia Region, the Sixty-fourth Session of the WHO Regional Committee for South-East Asia in 2011 adopted resolution SEA/RC64/R3 that declared 2012 as the Year of Intensification of Routine Immunization (IRI). All Member States then developed action plans that focused on intensification of efforts to reach and immunize high-risk or hard-to-reach areas and populations. Bangladesh identified 32 out of 74 districts and city corporations as targets for further ...
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia (SEA/RC67/15, 2014-07-28)Countries in the South-East Asia Region are vulnerable to different types of hazards such as annual monsoons, flooding, landslides, earthquakes, tsunamis, conflicts and devastating fires. The magnitude of disasters and their effects have a considerable impact on the morbidity and mortality in the Region, where approximately 25% of the world’s population resides. Deaths in Member States of the Region accounted for 37% (426 152 persons) of the global total mortality from natural disasters in 2003–2012. Health action in emergencies is a crucial ...