Coordinated approach to prevention and control of acute diarrhoea and respiratory infections
AbstractAcute diarrhoea and respiratory infections are high-burden diseases in the South-East Asia Region of WHO. Dedicated programmes for both during the 1980s and ’90s were successful in reducing mortality among the under-5 population. But, despite these programmes, high morbidity persisted. Furthermore, with no focus in recent years, they have continued to lead the causes of under-5 deaths in the Region and also globally. This has been the main impediment in the achievement of Millennium Development Goals 4 in the Region. Simple, safe, effective and yet relatively inexpensive interventions have been available for at least three decades but the underlying cause for the high burden appears to be poor access to and utilization of available services aimed at reducing mortality. Almost complete lack of focus on preventive interventions and overlooking the burden in other age groups appear to be the main reasons for the persistence of high morbidity from these diseases. There is now a need to design and launch national programmes that encompass all age groups and integrate universal access to quality care with preventive interventions. These interventions need to be well coordinated and supported by strong advocacy, community mobilization and empowerment, training, research, monitoring and evaluation, and mobilization of national and international responses. WHO’s role should be to support Member States both technically and in mobilizing international response, including resources. This working paper presents an outline of such a programme for the Region. The attached working paper (Doc. SEA/RC63/10) is submitted to the High-Level Preparatory (HLP) Meeting for its review and recommendations. The recommendations made by the HLP Meeting will be submitted to the Sixty-third Session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2010). Coordinated approach to prevention and control of acute diarrhoea and respiratory infections. New Delhi: WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/127767. License: World Health Organization