Tobacco control: progress and plans for implementing the framework convention on tobacco control (FCTC)
AbstractThe tobacco epidemic is one of the major global public health problems today, which is being fuelled by a variety of complex factors. The tobacco epidemic killed 100 million people worldwide in the twentieth century and it could kill one billion people during this century if effective control measures are not taken. Out of 5.4 million global deaths from tobacco every year, 1.2 million occur in the Region. However, it is the single most preventable cause of death in the world today. Tobacco use is fast increasing in developing countries due to weak tobacco control measures.Member countries of WHO’s South-East Asia Region are not only major tobacco producers; also a majority of males in these countries are users of some form of tobacco. In order to respond to this epidemic, Member States had developed, negotiated and adopted unanimously the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control (FCTC) at the Fifty-sixth World Health Assembly in May 2003 (WHA56.1). At present 168 Member countries are signatory to the Convention and 154 are party to it. Ten out of eleven Member countries of the SEA Region are parties to the Convention. In order to implement the WHO FCTC effectively, five Member countries in the Region have comprehensive tobacco control legislation, while others are in the process of formulating the same. This brief paper focuses on the progress of implementation of the concrete measures for tobacco control in the Region based on the provisions of the Convention. The views and recommendations of the Meeting of the Advisory Committee (ACM) on this agenda item will be submitted to the Sixty-first Session of the Regional Committee for its consideration.
World Health Organization, Regional Office for South-East Asia. (2008). Tobacco control: progress and plans for implementing the framework convention on tobacco control (FCTC). New Delhi : WHO Regional Office for South-East Asia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/126810
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