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Title: Characteristics of districts in Pakistan with persistent transmission of wild poliovirus, 2000-2001
Authors: Lowther, S.A.
Mir, T.
Bile, M.K.
Abdul Hafiz, R.
Mounts, A.W.
Issue Date: 2004
Language: English
Abstract: We sought to identify factors associated with being a reservoir district for wild poliovirus in Pakistan. Differences between reservoir and non-reservoir districts were identified using acute flaccid paralysis surveillance data, population census statistics and data from a survey of district health officials [DHOs]. Of the 11 poliovirus reservoir districts identified, population density was significantly higher [median 550 persons/km2] than the non-reservoirs [median 175 persons/km2]. DHOs from reservoir districts more often reported that planning was affected by refugees and they had more frequent DHO transfers compared with non-reservoir districts. Multivariate analysis confirmed that reservoirs more often had high population density and frequent DHO transfers. Assessment of district-level and management characteristics can supplement surveillance methods to further improve health programmes
Description: 582-590
Keywords: Attitude of Health Personnel
Disease Reservoirs
Endemic Diseases
Health Planning
Multivariate Analysis
Needs Assessment
Subject: Poliomyelitis
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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