Files in This Item:
   
Thumbnail10_3_2004_429_436.pdf

View/Open

Title: [Causes of drinking-water contamination in rain-fed cisterns in three villages in Ramallah and Al-Bireh District, Palestine]
Authors: Al Khatib, Issam A.
Orabi, Moammar
Issue Date: 2004
Language: Arabic
Abstract: We studied the biological characteristics of drinking-water in three villages in Ramallah and al-Bireh district, by testing the total coliforms. Water samples were collected from rain-fed cisterns between October and November 2001. The results show that 87% of tested samples of drinking-water were highly contaminated and in need of coagulation, filtration and disinfection based on the World Health Organization guidelines for drinking-water, and 10.5% had low contamination and were in need of treatment by disinfection only. Only 2.5% of the tested samples were not contaminated and were suitable for drinking without treatment. The main cause of drinking-water contamination was the presence of cesspits, wastewater and solid waste dumping sites near the cisterns
Description: 429-436
Keywords: Causality
Colony Count, Microbial
Disinfection
Enterobacter
Escherichia coli
Klebsiella
Subject: Rain
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119430
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/1003/10_3_2004_429_436.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



Items in WHO IRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.