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Title: Anopheles arabiensis: abundance and insecticide resistance in an irrigated area of eastern Sudan
Authors: Himeidan, Y. El S.
Dukeen, M.Y.
El Rayah, El A.
Adam, I.
Issue Date: 2004
Language: English
Abstract: The abundance of Anopheles arabiensis and its susceptibility to insecticides was studied in New Halfa, eastern Sudan, from March 1999 to June 2000. Of 4854 females anophelines collected, 4847 [99.9%] were An. arabiensis and 7 [0.1%] An. pharoensis. Female An. arabiensis were breeding throughout the year, with 2 peak densities, during the rainy [158.4 females/room/day and 84.7 larvae/10 dips] and irrigated seasons [136.8 females/room/day and 44.8 larvae/10 dips]. The mean biting activity was 28.8 bites/person/ night, found throughout the night, mainly outdoors. Susceptibility of An. arabiensis to insecticides dichloro-diphenyl-trichloroethane [DDT], malathion and fenitrothion was 97.8%, 96.3% and 100% respectively. An. arabiensis is the sole malaria vector in the area and is perennial rather than seasonal
Description: 167-174
Keywords: Agriculture
Analysis of Variance
Chi-Square Distribution
DDT
Feeding Behavior
Humidity
Insect Vectors
Insecticides
Water
Subject: Anopheles
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119397
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/1001_2/emhj_2004_10_1_2_167_174.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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