Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Karachi juvenile jail, Pakistan
AbstractJail inmates may be at increased risk of contracting tuberculosis [TB]. We studied 386 detainees [mean age 17.7 years] in Karachi juvenile jail to determine the prevalence of TB and possible risk factors for contracting TB. We found a 3.9% prevalence of TB among the inmates, significantly higher than the estimated 1.1% prevalence in the general population of Pakistan. Positive family history of TB was a significant risk factor for TB. Poor adherence of previously diagnosed patients to anti-TB treatment was found. Our study highlights the vulnerability of inmates to TB owing to the presence of highly infectious cases, along with environmental conditions such as overcrowding and poor ventilation. This study strongly indicates the need for an effective treatment programme in the jails as well in the general community
Shah, S.A., Mujeeb, S.A., Mirza, A., Nabi, K.G. & Siddiqui, Q. (2003). Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Karachi juvenile jail, Pakistan. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119320
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 9 (4), 667-674, 2003
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