|Title:||Prevalence of pulmonary tuberculosis in Karachi juvenile jail, Pakistan|
|Abstract:||Jail inmates may be at increased risk of contracting tuberculosis [TB]. We studied 386 detainees [mean age 17.7 years] in Karachi juvenile jail to determine the prevalence of TB and possible risk factors for contracting TB. We found a 3.9% prevalence of TB among the inmates, significantly higher than the estimated 1.1% prevalence in the general population of Pakistan. Positive family history of TB was a significant risk factor for TB. Poor adherence of previously diagnosed patients to anti-TB treatment was found. Our study highlights the vulnerability of inmates to TB owing to the presence of highly infectious cases, along with environmental conditions such as overcrowding and poor ventilation. This study strongly indicates the need for an effective treatment programme in the jails as well in the general community|
Analysis of Variance
Directly Observed Therapy
|Appears in Collections:||EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)|
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