High altitude epidemic malaria in Bamian province, central Afghanistan
AbstractWe report an epidemic of Plasmodium falciparum malaria in the remote valley of Bamian [altitude 2250 m-2400 m] in the central highl and s of Afghanistan. A team of malaria experts from the World Health Organization and HealthNet International carried out the investigation. A total of 215 peripheral blood smears were obtained and 63 cases of malaria [90.5% P. falciparum, the remainder P. vivax] were confirmed. The study revealed that areas vulnerable to malaria in Afghanistan are more widespread than previously recognized. The area had been malaria-free until recently, when the disease appears to have been introduced as a consequence of protracted conflict and resultant population movement, and transmitted locally during the short summer months. The outbreak led to severe morbidity and high mortality in a province having only a few poorly-provisioned health care facilities
Abdur Rab, M., Freeman, T.W., Rahim, S., Durrani, N., Simon Taha, A. et al. (2003). High altitude epidemic malaria in Bamian province, central Afghanistan. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119268
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 9 (3), 232-239, 2003
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