Prevalence of mental retardation among children in Saudi Arabia
AbstractThis survey determined the prevalence and regional distribution of mental retardation among children in Saudi Arabia. Data were analysed from a population-based national survey conducted during 1996-99, in which 60,630 children aged up to 18 years were screened using IQ tests and questionnaires completed by physicians. The prevalence of mental retardation was 8.9 per 1000 children, a rate similar to that reported in other countries. Moderate or severe retardation was classified in 70.9% of these children. Of the mentally retarded children in the 0-18 years age range, 83.2% were not attending school. Special educational programmes are needed to improve the quality of life of mentally retarded children
El Hazmi, M.A.F., Al Swailem, A.A., Al Mosa, N.A. & Al Jarallah, A.A. (2003). Prevalence of mental retardation among children in Saudi Arabia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119236
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 9 (1-2), 6-11, 2003
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Guidelines for the primary prevention of mental, neurological and psychosocial disorders. 2. Mental retardation World Health Organization. Division of Mental Health (WHO/MNH/MND/93.22. Unpublished, 1993)