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Title: Neonatal septicaemia in the neonatal care unit, Al-Anbar governorate, Iraq
Authors: Al Zwaini, E.J.K.
Issue Date: 2002
Language: English
Abstract: Neonatal septicaemia is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in developing countries. We studied 118 neonates admitted to the main referral hospital in Al-Anbar with positive blood cultures. The incidence of neonatal septicaemia for babies born at this hospital was 9.2 per 1000 live births, and mortality was 28%. Staphylococcus aureus [39%], Klebsiella pneumoniae [30%] and Escherichia coli [21%] constituted 90% of all isolates. The isolates showed in vitro susceptibility to cefotaxime, chloramphenicol and gentamicin, but resistance to more commonly used antibiotics such as ampicillin and cloxacillin. We recommend initial gentamicin/cefotaxime combined therapy while awaiting culture and sensitivity test results. Our study highlights the importance of understanding the local epidemiology of neonatal septicaemia in formulating a rational antibiotics policy
Description: 509-514
Keywords: Bacteremia
Cefotaxime
Drug Resistance, Bacterial
Escherichia coli Infections
Gentamicins
Hospital Mortality
Incidence
Klebsiella Infections
Klebsiella pneumoniae
Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Staphylococcal Infections
Staphylococcus aureus
Subject: Intensive Care Units, Neonatal
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119193
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/0804_5/emhj_2002_8_4_5_509_514.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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