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Title: Causes of visual impairment and blindness among the middle-aged and elderly in northern Jordan
Authors: Haddadin, A.
Ereifej, I.
Zawaida, F.
Haddadin, H.
Issue Date: 2002
Language: English
Abstract: Causes of bilateral low vision [BLLV] and bilateral blindness [BLB] were investigated among 720 outpatients aged > 45 years in Irbid, Jordan, between July 1999 and October 2000. All received full ophthalmic examinations. BLLV was defined as visual acuity < 6/18 but > 3/60 in the better eye; BLB as acuity < 3/60 in the better eye. The leading cause of BLB and BLLV was cataract. Refractive error was the second major cause of BLLV. Other common causes were diabetic retinopathy and glaucoma. Age-related macular degeneration was the single cause of BLB and BLLV for only 1.6% and 2.8% respectively. A population-based survey of BLB and BLLV in the elderly, yearly vision examinations and an ophthalmic education programme are recommended
Description: 404-408
Keywords: Age Distribution
Blindness
Cataract
Diabetic Retinopathy
Glaucoma
Macular Degeneration
Ophthalmoscopy
Referral and Consultation
Vision Screening
Visual Acuity
Subject: Vision Disorders
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119179
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/0802_3/emhj_2002_8_2_3_404_408.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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