In utero exposure to cadmium pollution in Cairo and Giza governorates of Egypt
AbstractSerum cadmium levels at delivery were measured in a consecutive sample of 100 mother-infant pairs in Egypt using venous blood from mothers and umbilical cord blood from neonates. The serum cadmium levels of mothers ranged from 0.4 to 2.2 microg/L [mean 0.73 microg/L] and of infants from 0.2 to 1.5 microg/L [mean 0.66 microg/L]. Infant cadmium levels were about 70% of maternal levels in most pairs. Serum cadmium was significantly higher in mothers and babies passively exposed to tobacco smoke. Five-minute Apgar scores were negatively correlated with cord blood cadmium levels. The cadmium levels did not differ between subjects from Cairo and Giza or according to urban, suburban or rural areas. Thus, in utero exposure to cadmium was evident and wider-scale studies on its long-term effects are recommended
Mokhtar, G., Hossny, E., El Awady, M. & Zekry, M. (2002). In utero exposure to cadmium pollution in Cairo and Giza governorates of Egypt. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/119158
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 8 (2-3), 254-260, 2002
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Cadmium / published under the joint sponsorship of the United Nations Environment Programme, the International Labour Organisation, and the World Health Organization World Health Organization; International Programme on Chemical Safety (1992)