Marib Dam: the importance of environmental and health impact studies for development projects
AbstractMarib Dam was built without an environmental impact assessment study which created many conflicts. In 1995 and 1996 its impact on water quality, agriculture and groundwater recharge and socioeconomics was studied. Lake water could suffer severe eutrophication when floods are weak and algae growth is not controlled. Introducing Tilapia nilotica provided biological control of algae growth. The dam positively affected agriculture and groundwater within the designed irrigation scheme but negatively affected them beyond it. The dam also negatively affected health conditions and increased conflicts over water distribution. It positively affected women by allowing them to work in agriculture and participate in decision-making. The dam raised income levels of farmers and encouraged tourism
Basahi, I.A.A. (2000). Marib Dam: the importance of environmental and health impact studies for development projects. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118842
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 6 (1), 106-117, 2000
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