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Title: Impact of Interleukin-28B gene polymorphism (rs12979860) on Egyptian patients infected with hepatitis C virus genotype-4
Authors: Ibrahim, G.H.
Khalil, F.A.
El Abaseri, T.B.
Attia, F.M.
El Serafi, A.T.
Issue Date: 2013
Language: English
Abstract: Single nucleotide polymorphisms [SNPs] in the Interleukin [IL]-28B gene, namely rs12979860, could predict response to pegylated interferon-?-ribavirin [PR] therapy in hepatitis C virus genotype 1 [HCV-1]-infected patients. A similar role was investigated in a case-control study conducted on 93 Egyptian patients chronically infected with HCV-4 in comparison to 22 individuals with spontaneous HCV clearance and 70 healthy volunteers. The homozygous C allele genotype [CC] was associated with sustained viral response [SVR] to therapy compared with the homozygous T allele genotype [TT] and the heterozygous genotype [CT]. In the SVR group, the response rate was statistically significantly higher in CC genotypes [58.6%] compared with CT/TT [20.3%]. There was no correlation between SVR patients' genotypes and early response to therapy or HCV baseline viral load. Our findings describe how IL-28B SNP genotyping may guide appropriate selection of HCV-4-infected patients for PR therapy. We underscore IL28B genotyping as a tool that might increase PR cost-benefit in Egypt
Description: 1-10
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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