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Title: Prevalence of congenital eye anomalies in a paediatric clinic in Ghana
Authors: Ilechie, A.A.
Essuman, V.A.
Enyionam, S.
Issue Date: 2013
Language: English
Abstract: There is little information about the epidemiology of congenital eye anomalies in Ghana. We retrospectively reviewed the clinical records of 485 admissions to the paediatric eye centre of the Korle-Bu Teaching Hospital, Ghana [2004-2009] and 263 were diagnosed with at least one anomaly. Visual acuity was quantitatively assessed in 209 patients and 130 had some visual impairment; 49 with bilateral and 64 with unilateral blindness. The most frequent congenital anomaly overall was cataract [n = 44]. In infants, cataract was the most frequent finding [28/121]. Toddlers most frequently presented with retinoblastoma [10/65]. Glaucoma was the most frequent anomaly in preschool [9/39] and school [10/38] children. We conclude that avoidable causes of childhood blindness caused most congenital eye anomalies. Intensification of community-based health promotion and preventive eye care, early detection and provision of adequate resources for effective therapy could reverse these trends
Description: 1-7
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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