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Title: Prevalence of hepatitis B and C virus infections and their related risk factors in Libya: a national seroepidemiological survey
Authors: Elzouki, A.N.
Smeo, M.N.
Sammud, M.
Elahmer, O.
Daw, M.
Furarah, A.
Abudher, A.
Mohamed, M.K.
Issue Date: 2013
Language: English
Abstract: A high prevalence of hepatitis B [HBV] and C virus [HCV] infections has been reported among specific patient groups in Libya; a survey was thus designed to determine the extent of the problem at the national level. A multi-stage sampling design covering all administrative areas of Libya was applied, covering > 65 000 individuals of all age groups. All subjects gave a blood sample and completed a questionnaire on demographic and risk behaviour data. The prevalence of HBV surface antigen [HBsAg] and anti-HCV were 2.2% and 1.3% respectively. The prevalence of anti-HCV increased with age, rising gradually after age 30 years, in contrast to a stable prevalence of HBsAg in all age groups 10+ years. Age-adjusted risk factors for HCV infection were previous hospitalization, surgical operations, previous blood transfusions and intravenous drug use; for HBV infection only family exposure or contact with HBV case were identified
Description: 589 - 599
Keywords: Hepatitis C
Risk Factors
Seroepidemiologic Studies
Hepatitis B Surface Antigens
Hepatitis C Antibodies
Hepatitis B virus
Subject: Hepatitis B
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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