|Title:||High tuberculosis treatment success in Kabul, Afghanistan despite high patient transfers out|
|Abstract:||The National Tuberculosis [TB] Institute has the highest patient transfer-out rate in Afghanistan, but the result and treatment outcome of transferred patients were unknown in 2009. This operational research investigated the characteristics and treatment outcome of all transferred-out patients living in Kabul province. We analysed the 1-year TB register of the Institute [n= 1180 cases] and visited 24 health centres to review their TB registers. The results show the transfer-out rate was 52.6%. Of the transferred cases, 58.6% were women and 61.8% pulmonary TB cases [smear-positive 70.6%]. The arrival rates of transfer-out patients at health centres in Kabul province were 87.6% for both men and women. Males aged 21-40 years were the most likely to be non-arrivals [OR = 8.91; 95% CI: 1.55-66.7]. Treatment success rates in female and male patients were 84.4% and 77.5% respectively and default rates were 7.8% and 18.3%. Strategies to reduce the non-arrival to health centres and treatment interruption in male patients aged 20-40 years are warranted|
|Description:||694 - 697|
|Appears in Collections:||EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)|
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