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Title: Vector ecology and susceptibility in a malaria-endemic focus in southern Islamic Republic of Iran
Authors: Soleimani Ahmadi, M.
Vatandoost, H.
Shaeghi, M.
Raeisi, A.
Abedi, F.
Eshraghian, M.R.
Madani, A.
Safari, R.
Shahi, M.
Mojahedi, A.
Poorahmad-Garbandi, F.
Issue Date: 2012
Language: English
Abstract: This study aimed to carry out a malaria situation analysis, species composition and susceptibility levels of the main malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi, to different insecticides in Bashagard. A longitudinal survey was conducted in 2 randomly selected villages in Bashagard. Malaria vectors were sampled by dipping method for the larvae and hand catch, night-biting catch, total catch, and shelter pit collection for the adults. Standard WHO susceptibility tests were used for a variety of insecticides on F1 progeny of An. stephensi reared from wild-caught females. In total, 693 adult anopheline mosquitoes and 839 third and fourth-instar larvae were collected and identified. They comprised 7 species; the most abundant adult and larvae anopheline mosquito was An. Dthali [40.7% and 30.5% respectively]. An. Culicifacies[24.2%] and An. Stephensi [16.7%] were the next most common species for adult mosquitoes. An. Stephensi was fully susceptible to malathion and pyrethroid insecticides but resistant to DDT and tolerant to dieldrin
Description: 1034-1041
Keywords: Insect Vectors
Ecology
Insecticides
Endemic Diseases
Anopheles
Malathion
Pyrethrins
Culicidae
Subject: Malaria
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118503
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/v18/10/2012_18_10_1034_1041.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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