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Title: Waterpipe smoking and dependence are associated with chronic bronchitis: a case-control study in Lebanon
Authors: Salameh, P.
Waked, M.
Khoury, F.
Akiki, Z.
Nasser, Z.
Abou Abbass, L.
Dramaix, M.
Issue Date: 2012
Language: English
Abstract: Waterpipe smoking and its association with chronic bronchitis has not been assessed in Lebanon. This case-control study in Beirut in 2009/2010 evaluated this relationship: 274 cases of chronic bronchitis and 559 controls without the condition aged >/=40 years were enrolled. Data were collected by questionnaire on: sociodemographic characteristics, respiratory symptoms, smoking [waterpipe and cigarette] and nicotine dependence. ANOVA, Student, Kruskal-Wallis, chi-squared and Fisher exact tests were used when applicable and logistic regression analysis was carried out. Previous waterpipe smoking [OR = 6.4], previous mixed smoking [OR = 38.03] and current mixed smoking [OR = 7.68] were significantly associated with chronic bronchitis [P < 0.001 for all] but current exclusive waterpipe smoking was not [OR = 1.87, 95% CI: 0.74-4.72]. Current waterpipe dependence was significantly associated with chronic bronchitis [OR = 3.74, P < 0.001]. After adjustment for covariates/confounders, ever waterpipe smoking > 20 WP-years [P < 0.001] was significantly associated with chronic bronchitis
Description: 996 -1004
Keywords: Tobacco Use Disorder
Bronchitis, Chronic
Case-Control Studies
Questionnaires
Subject: Smoking
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118498
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/v18/10/2012_18_10_996_1004.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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