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Title: Iatrogenic illness in the paediatric intensive care unit at Gharian teaching hospital, Libya
Authors: Ismail, A.M.
Shedeed, S.A.
Keywords: Intensive Care Units, Pediatric
Hospitals, Teaching
Prospective Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Incidence
Risk Factors
Issue Date: 2012
Relation: EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 18 (2), 143 - 150, 2012
Language: English
Abstract: The aim of this prospective follow-up study was to determine the incidence and risk factors of iatrogenic illness and the outcome among cases admitted to the paediatric intensive care unit in a teaching hospital in Libya. The incidence of iatrogenic complications was 22.9% among 423 cases admitted over a 1-year period. Human error [18.4%] followed by machine defects [4.5%] were the most common causes of complications. The overall mortality rate was 7.6% and was significantly higher in iatrogenic cases than others [13.4% versus 5.8%]. Paediatric risk of mortality [PRISM] score was a good predictor of risk of iatrogenic illness. Both mortality and occurrence of iatrogenic illness were significantly associated with: higher PRISM score, use of mechanical ventilation, higher bed occupancy rate in the unit, presence of respiratory and neurological diseases, prolonged duration of stay in the intensive care unit and younger age of the child
Description: 143 - 150
Subject: Iatrogenic Disease
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118457
ISSN: 1020-3397
Appears in Collections:Journal Articles



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