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Title: Ocular disorders among schoolchildren in Khartoum State, Sudan
Authors: Rushood, A.A.
Azmat, S.
Shariq, M.
Khamis, A.
Lakho, K.A.
Jadoon, M.Z.
Sial, N.
Rushood, A.A.
Kamil, E.A.
Issue Date: 2013
Language: French
Abstract: From December 2005 to June 2007, a total screening of all 1418 government primary schools in Khartoum State, Sudan, was performed to estimate ocular problems among children aged 6-15 years. We screened 671 119 children [56.7% males] for significant refractive error and other eye ailments. Ocular problems were found in 20 321 [3.03%] children. The 3 localities with highest ocular pathology were Karary [26.2%], Ummbada [21.0%] and Jabal Awlia [15.7%]. The overall prevalence of refractive error was 2.19%. Myopia was found in 10 064 [1.50%] children while 4661 [0.70%] were hyperopic. Other ocular problems included vernal keratoconjunctivitis, vitamin A deficiency, microbial conjunctivitis, strabismus and corneal opacity. Only 288 [0.04%] children were diagnosed with active trachoma: 86.5% of these were from Ummbada locality, on the periphery of the State, where transportation facilities are poor and poverty is widespread. Overall, 99% of the eye ailments identified are either treatable or preventable. To reduce these and to achieve the goals of Vision 2020, an effective and efficient school health programme is needed
Description: 282 - 288
Keywords: Child
Schools
Refractive Errors
Myopia
Hyperopia
Conjunctivitis, Allergic
Vitamin A Deficiency
Conjunctivitis, Bacterial
Strabismus
Corneal Opacity
Trachoma
Prevalence
Subject: Eye Diseases
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118414
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/v19/03/EMHJ_2013_19_3_282_288.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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