Acute respiratory infection and malnutrition among children below 5 years of age in Erbil governorate, Iraq
AbstractMalnutrition is an important risk factor for acute respiratory infection [ARI], which is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity among children aged < 5 years. This case-control study aimed to determine the relationship between nutritional status and ARI among young children aged < 5 years attending a teaching hospital in Erbil, Iraq. Children admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of ARI over a 4-month period in 2006-2007 [n = 190] were compared with a control group without ARI [n = 192]. Significantly more ARI cases were male [64.7% versus 53.1%] and the mean age was lower [15.6 [SD 15.4] versus 26.4 [SD 19.7] months]. Weight and height were lower in the ARI group but there was no significant difference in weight-for-age or in height-for-age. There was a significant association between ARI and indicators of malnutrition according to the Gomez and Welcome anthropometric criteria but not the Waterlow criteria
Chalabi, D.A.K. (2013). Acute respiratory infection and malnutrition among children below 5 years of age in Erbil governorate, Iraq. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118360
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 19 (1), 66-70, 2013
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