|Title:||Acute respiratory infection and malnutrition among children below 5 years of age in Erbil governorate, Iraq|
|Abstract:||Malnutrition is an important risk factor for acute respiratory infection [ARI], which is a leading cause of mortality and morbidity among children aged < 5 years. This case-control study aimed to determine the relationship between nutritional status and ARI among young children aged < 5 years attending a teaching hospital in Erbil, Iraq. Children admitted to hospital with a diagnosis of ARI over a 4-month period in 2006-2007 [n = 190] were compared with a control group without ARI [n = 192]. Significantly more ARI cases were male [64.7% versus 53.1%] and the mean age was lower [15.6 [SD 15.4] versus 26.4 [SD 19.7] months]. Weight and height were lower in the ARI group but there was no significant difference in weight-for-age or in height-for-age. There was a significant association between ARI and indicators of malnutrition according to the Gomez and Welcome anthropometric criteria but not the Waterlow criteria|
|Subject:||Respiratory Tract Infections|
|Appears in Collections:||EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)|
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