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Title: Contact tracing of a 15-year-old girl with smear-negative pulmonary tuberculosis in Tehran
Authors: Baghaie, N.
Khalilzadeh, S.
Bolursaz, M.R.
Parsanejad, N.
Issue Date: 2012
Language: English
Abstract: Early detection of tuberculosis [TB] cases and supervised treatment are vital for control of the disease. To assess TB transmission from a sputum smear-negative pulmonary TB case, the contacts of a 15-year-old Iranian girl diagnosed with smear-negative TB in 2010 were traced. In all, 52 classmates and close friends and 15 school staff were screened by tuberculin skin test and chest X-ray. Those with a positive skin test or abnormal chest X-ray were further evaluated by chest spiral computed tomography [CT] scan and triple gastric washing. All classmates and close friends were Iranian and female. Of the 52 girls, 17 [32%] had latent infection [either positive skin test or abnormal chest X-ray] and 3 [5.7%] had active TB [abnormal CT or positive culture additional to positive skin test or abnormal X-ray]. None of the staff had abnormal findings. Contact tracing should be considered for contacts of all children with symptomatic pulmonary TB, even those who are smear-negative
Description: 399-401
Keywords: Tuberculosis, Pulmonary
Early Diagnosis
Subject: Contact Tracing
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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