|Title:||Effect of air pollution on onset of acute coronary syndrome in susceptible subgroups|
|Abstract:||While long-term exposure to air pollutants is associated with an increase in heart diseases and mortality, little information is available about the short-term effects of air pollution. This case-crossover study assessed the relationship of particulate matter [PM] and carbon monoxide [CO] levels with hospital admission for acute coronary syndrome in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran. We interviewed 250 patients with a first episode of acute coronary syndrome and obtained data from hospital records and Tehran Air Quality Control Company. The risk of acute coronary syndrome was significantly associated with elevated concentrations of CO the day before the event [OR 1.18; 95% CI: 1.03-1.34] but not significantly with PM [OR 1.00; 95% CI: 0.99-1.02]. Stratification by age, sex, diabetes, hypertension and smoking status did not affect the results, but women were more susceptible than men to CO levels [OR for women/men 1.68; 95% CI: 1.25-2.26]|
|Appears in Collections:||EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)|
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