Evaluation of an interferon-gamma release assay in young contacts of active tuberculosis cases
AbstractIn a cross-sectional study in a hospital in Tehran in 2006-08 the QuantiFERON[Registered]-TB interferon-gamma release assay [QTB] was compared with the tuberculin skin test [TST] in 59 young people [aged<20 years] with close contact with immunocompetent cases of proven pulmonary tuberculosis. After 1 year follow-up 10 subjects had progressed to tuberculosis disease and received treatment; TST was positive in 30% and QTB in 100%. Of the 49 non-progressive subjects, TST was positive in 10.4% and QTB in 16.3%. The agreement between TST and QTB assay in non-progressive subjects was poor [Kappa=0.43]. False positive and false negative rates for TST were 40.0% and 9.3% respectively; positive and predictive values were 60.0% and 90.7%. We suggest adding the interferon assay to the skin test in the decision to perform chest X-ray or to start chemoprophylaxis at least in younger subjects [aged<20 years]
Noorbakhsh, S., Mousavi, J., Barati, M., Shamshiri, A.R., Shekarabi, M. et al. (2011). Evaluation of an interferon-gamma release assay in young contacts of active tuberculosis cases. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118146
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 17 (9), 714-718, 2011
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