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Title: Health disparities between Muslim and non-Muslim countries
Authors: Razzak, J.A.
Khan, U.R.
Azam, I.
Nasrullah, M.
Pasha, O.
Malik, M.
Ghaffar, A.
Issue Date: 2011
Language: English
Abstract: We examined differences in health indicators and associated factors across countries according to the proportion of the population who are Muslim. Of 190 UN countries, 48 were classified as Muslim-majority countries [MMC] and 142 as non-MMC. Data on 41 potential determinants of health were obtained from 10 different data sources, and 4 primary outcome measures [male and female life expectancy, maternal mortality ratio and infant mortality rate] were analysed. Annual per capita expenditure on health in MMC was one-fifth that of non-MMC. Maternal mortality and infant mortality rates were twice as high in MMC as non-MMC. Adult literacy rate was significantly higher for non-MMC. Four significant predictors explained 52%-72% of the differences in health outcomes between the 2 groups: gross national income, literacy rate, access to clean water and level of corruption
Description: 654-664
Keywords: Islam
Religion and Medicine
Life Expectancy
Infant Mortality
Maternal Mortality
Subject: Health Status Disparities
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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