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Title: Evaluation of capillary blood glucose versus a high-risk questionnaire for screening for undiagnosed diabetes mellitus in Eastern province, Saudi Arabia
Authors: Al Baghli, N.A.
Al Turki, K.A.
Al Ghamdi, A.J.
Prasad, K.
Taha, A.Z.
Al Almaie, S.M.
Issue Date: 2010
Language: English
Abstract: This study compared 2 screening tests for detecting undiagnosed diabetes mellitus when applied in a mass-screening campaign in the Eastern province of Saudi Arabia in 2004-05. Of 15 082 individuals screened, 65.8% were positive by the American Diabetes Association risk-score questionnaire and 71.3% by determination of capillary blood glucose [CBG] using a portable glucometer. Type 2 diabetes mellitus was confirmed in 20.3% of participants and pre-diabetes in 33.9% using fasting venous blood testing. The risk-score questionnaire did not perform well versus fasting and random CBG. Optimal cut-offs for fasting and random CBG were 120 mg/dL and 160 mg/dL respectively. Fasting CBG had higher sensitivity, specificity and discriminating ability than random CBG for detection of diabetes and pre-diabetes in this population
Description: 1237-1244
Keywords: Blood Glucose
Mass Screening
Sensitivity and Specificity
Predictive Value of Tests
Subject: Diabetes Mellitus
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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