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Title: Safe water supply in emergencies and the need for an exit strategy to sustain health gains: lessons learned from the 2005 earthquake in Pakistan
Authors: Magon, M.
Bile, K.M.
Kazi, B.M.
Gardezi, Z.
Issue Date: 2010
Language: English
Abstract: The bacteriological quality of drinking-water supply of five major urban centres affected by the October 2005 earthquake in Pakistan were assessed in three phases: onset of emergency, during emergency response and post-emergency. A total of 1850 samples were randomly collected from the study area during each phase, and faecal coliforms were detected in 100%, 28% and 91% inBattagram, 81%, 22% and 77% in Mansehra, 100%, 27% and 92% in Rawalakot, 100%, 23% and 65% in Bagh and in 30%, 14% and 5% in Muzaffarabad respectively. Faecal contamination was high during the onset of emergency and post-emergency phases in four out of the five surveyed towns. The organization of a timely emergency response intervention depends on the level of preparedness of local water-supply service providers as well as on their institutional capacities. Bacteriological water-quality improvements in emergencies may not be sustained unless complemented by a proper exit strategy
Description: 91-97
Keywords: Emergencies
Earthquakes
Water Microbiology
Subject: Water Supply
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118027
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/V16/supp/16_S_2010_091_097.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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