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Title: Prevalence of nosocomial infections in 27 hospitals in the Mediterranean region
Authors: Amazian, K.
Rossello, J.
Castella, A.
Sekkat, S.
Terzaki, S.
Dhidah, L.
Abdelmoumٹne, T.
Fabry, J.
Issue Date: 2010
Language: French
Abstract: A multicentre study was conducted in 27 hospitals in Algeria, Egypt, Italy, Morocco and Tunisia to evaluate the prevalence and characteristics of the nosocomial infections. The study population [4634 patients] was relatively young, mean age 41.1 [standard deviation 23.4] years. The prevalence of nosocomial infections was 10.5%; this was higher in non-teaching centres and moderate-sized hospitals. Overall, urinary tract infections were the most common. Paediatric departments rated particularly high [11.3%]. The most commonly isolated organisms were: Escherichia coli [17.2%], Staphylococcus aureus [12.5%], Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Klebsiella pneumoniae [9.2% each]. On the day of the study, 40.7% of the patients were under treatment with antibiotics, with nearly half for an empirical indication. Nosocomial infection was significantly associated with mechanical ventilation, hospitalization ? 8 days, presence of a central or peripheral catheter], urinary catheter, diabetes and age
Description: 1070-1078
Keywords: Prevalence
Cross Infection
Escherichia coli
Staphylococcus aureus
Cross Infection
Mediterranean Region
Subject: Cross Infection
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/118007
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/V16/10/16_10_2010_1070_1078.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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