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Title: Nosocomial diarrhoea in relation to sanitation state: a study in Tikrit, Iraq
Authors: Alrifai, S.B.
Al Saadi, A.
Mahmood, Y.A.
Issue Date: 2010
Language: English
Abstract: A cross-sectional hospital-based study of 259 children aged < 5 years was carried out in Tikrit, Iraq, to identify the prevalence of nosocomial diarrhoea and sources of contamination in the ward environment. Nosocomial diarrhoea was diagnosed in 84 children [32.4%]. Children with diarrhoea were more likely than unaffected children to be bottle-fed, given unboiled water, to have unclean food containers and contaminated bed sheets. Three out of 5 brands of formula milk [unopened cans] were contaminated. Three-quarters of medical staff and employees had contaminated hands. Enterobacter spp., Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Citrobacter spp. were the most commonly identified microorganisms. A greater emphasis on personal hygiene, improved care practices and promotion of breastfeeding is recommended
Description: 546-552
Keywords: Cross Infection
Sanitation
Cross-Sectional Studies
Prevalence
Breast Feeding
Subject: Diarrhea
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117914
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/V16/05/16_5_2010_0546_0552.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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