|Title:||Water-pipe [narguile] smokers in Lebanon: a pilot study|
|Abstract:||We carried out a comparative study to assess the demographic and social characteristics of water pipe [WP] smokers, the association with cigarette smoking and chronic respiratory diseases and the dependence profile on 4 groups: exclusive WP smokers, exclusive cigarette smokers, mixed smokers and absolute non-smokers. Cigarette smoking was statistically significantly higher in WP smokers than non-WP smokers; 36.5% of exclusive WP smokers smoked >/= 7 WPs/week. Chronic respiratory disease and chronic bronchitis were reported more frequently in exclusive WP smokers than absolute non-smokers. WP smoking seems to be as great a risk factor as cigarette smoking for chronic respiratory disease|
Respiratory Tract Diseases
|Appears in Collections:||EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)|
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