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Title: Water-pipe [narguile] smokers in Lebanon: a pilot study
Authors: Waked, M.
Salameh, P.
Aoun, Z.
Issue Date: 2009
Language: English
Abstract: We carried out a comparative study to assess the demographic and social characteristics of water pipe [WP] smokers, the association with cigarette smoking and chronic respiratory diseases and the dependence profile on 4 groups: exclusive WP smokers, exclusive cigarette smokers, mixed smokers and absolute non-smokers. Cigarette smoking was statistically significantly higher in WP smokers than non-WP smokers; 36.5% of exclusive WP smokers smoked >/= 7 WPs/week. Chronic respiratory disease and chronic bronchitis were reported more frequently in exclusive WP smokers than absolute non-smokers. WP smoking seems to be as great a risk factor as cigarette smoking for chronic respiratory disease
Description: 432-442
Keywords: Demography
Smoking
Risk Factors
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Questionnaires
Sex Factors
Subject: Smoking
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117656
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/1502/15_2_2009_0432_0442.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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