Clinical evaluation of Graves ophthalmopathy in north-east Islamic Republic of Iran
AbstractThis study evaluated the prevalence and severity of ophthalmic manifestations in all Graves disease patients [n = 68] presenting to endocrine clinics at Mashad University of Medical Sciences between December 2002 and September 2005. The mean age of patients was 38.0 [SD 14.0] years, range 15 to 71 years. The most common complaints were foreign body sensation [54.0%] and puffy eyelids [48.4%]. The most common apparent abnormality was lid retraction in 64.2% of patients [bilateral in 95.3% of cases]. The patients had a mean modified Werner's NO SPECS classification score of 3.00 [SD 1.46]. The score was significantly higher in males than females [3.58 [SD 1.44] versus 2.63 [SD 1.35]] and was positively correlated with age
Razavi, M.E., Abotoraby, R.B., Kakhki, R.D., Ghanavati, S.Z., Layegh, P. et al. (2008). Clinical evaluation of Graves ophthalmopathy in north-east Islamic Republic of Iran. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117501
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 14 (4), 841-849, 2008
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