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Title: Survey of antibiogram tests in cholera patients in the 2005 epidemic in Hamadan, Islamic Republic of Iran
Authors: Keramat, F.
Hashemi, S.H.
Mamani, M.
Ranjbar, M.
Erfani, H.
Issue Date: 2008
Language: English
Abstract: An analytical cross-sectional study determined the serogroups and serotypes of Vibrio cholerae, and their antibiotic resistance rates, in the 2005 cholera epidemic in Hamadan. All 190 patients with positive stool cultures had V. cholerae serogroup O1, biotype El Tor and serotype Inaba positive. Of 60 cases selected randomly for antibiogram testing, sensitivity to norfloxacin, ciprofloxacin, kanamycin, amikacin, tetracycline and doxycycline was 97%, 92%, 88%, 85%, 77% and 67% respectively. Resistance to furazolidone, trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole and erythromycin was 100%, 98% and 62% respectively. Comparison with the results of the 1998 epidemic suggests a worrying increase in the resistance of V. cholerae to erythromycin, doxycycline and ciprofloxacin
Description: 768-775
Keywords: Microbial Sensitivity Tests
Health Surveys
Cross-Sectional Studies
Disease Outbreaks
Drug Resistance, Microbial
Ciprofloxacin
Norfloxacin
Culture Media
Subject: Cholera
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117491
ISSN: 1020-3397
Other Identifiers: http://applications.emro.who.int/emhj/1404/14_4_2008_0768_0775.pdf
Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)



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