Shigella and Salmonella serogroups and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in Ethiopia
AbstractIn this study, the serogroup and susceptibility patterns of Shigella and Salmonella spp. isolated from stool cultures were determined using standard laboratory procedures. Among the 76 Shigella isolates serogroup B [Sh. flexeneri] was the most prevalent species [54.0%] and among the 37 Salmonella strains serogroup B was also the most prevalent [81.1%]. Antibiograms of Shigella and Salmonella spp. showed 100% resistance to erythromycin and high resistance rates [>/= 75%] to ampicillin, cephalothin, chloramphenicol and tetracycline. Salmonella spp. Also had high resistance to gentamicin, sulphonamide, and trimethoprim- sulfamethoxazole. Shigella were susceptible to gentamicin [100%] and nalidixic acid [97.3%] and Shigella and Salmonella were 100.0% susceptible to norfloxacin
Asrat, D. (2008). Shigella and Salmonella serogroups and their antibiotic susceptibility patterns in Ethiopia. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117490
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 14 (4), 760-767, 2008
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Lichnevski, M. (1996)In the Eastern Mediterranean Region, dysentery is recognized as one of the major causes of persistent diarrhoea and malnutrition. The latest estimates amount to about a million total shigella cases annually with approximately 40 000 deaths [an average of 4% case fatality rate]. This paper discusses the role of food and water in this major health problem as well as antimicrobial treatment of shigella dysentery; preparedness; and control of epidemics due to shigella