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Title: Nosocomial pneumonia: risk factors, rates and trends
Authors: Abdel Fattah, M.M.
Issue Date: 2008
Language: English
Abstract: This study aimed to estimate the rate of and risk factors for nosocomial pneumonia of patients admitted to hospitals in Taif, Saudi Arabia. A case-control study was conducted of 211 discharged patients with confirmed pneumonia and 633 controls without pneumonia and a review was made of hospital records during 1999-2003. Multiple logistic regression showed that duration of hospital stay, unit of admission, chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases, coma, nasogastric tube, endotracheal tube, debilitating diseases and mechanical ventilation were independently associated with increased risk of pneumonia. The mean incidence of overall nosocomial infection in the period 1999-2003 was 3 per 100 discharged patients, while the mean incidence of nosocomial pneumonia was 0.88
Description: 546-555
Keywords: Cross Infection
Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated
Risk Factors
Case-Control Studies
Length of Stay
Intensive Care Units
Intubation, Gastrointestinal
Pulmonary Disease, Chronic Obstructive
Subject: Pneumonia
ISSN: 1020-3397
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Appears in Collections:EMRO Journal Articles (EMHJ)

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