Prevalence and predictors of smokeless tobacco use among high-school males in Karachi, Pakistan
AbstractA cross-sectional study was conducted in 3 towns in Karachi, Pakistan to investigate the prevalence of and factors associated with the use of smokeless tobacco among 772 high-school adolescent males. A structured questionnaire collected data on sociodemographic factors and history of cigarette and smokeless tobacco use. Prevalence of smokeless tobacco use [gutka, snuff, niswar] was 16.1% [95% CI: 13.5%-18.9%]. On multiple logistic regression analysis, the factors significantly related to smokeless tobacco use among the sample were: attending government school [adjusted odds ratio [OR] 6.3], smoking cigarettes [OR 3.2], not seeing anti-tobacco advertisements [OR 1.5], family history of tobacco use [OR 3.9], use of betel quid [OR 2.9] and use of areca nut [OR 3.2]
Rozi, S. & Akhtar, S. (2007). Prevalence and predictors of smokeless tobacco use among high-school males in Karachi, Pakistan. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117330
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 13 (4), 916-924, 2007
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WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, Conference of the Parties to the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control, fourth session, Punta del Este, Uruguay, 15-20 November 2010 (FCTC/COP/4/DIV/6, 2010)