Prevalence and etiology of urinary stones in hospitalized patients in Baghdad
AbstractEpidemiology and pathogenesis in urinary stones diagnosed in 184 patients were studied. Mean age was 38.3 years. Male to female ratio was 2.5: 1. Stones were predominantly of mixed type: calcium oxalate was the commonest compound. Anatomical distribution of urinary stones was 67.4% renal, 12.5% ureteric and 14.6% bladder. Recurrence rate following previous surgical removal was 15.0%. Bacteria were isolated from 19 [24.4%] of 78 urinary stones: 14 were urea splitting and 5 non-urea splitting. Females had a greater chance of having infected stones. All bacteria isolated were sensitive to gentamicin and nalidixic acid. All isolates were resistant to amoxicillin and erythromycin. Multiple resistance to 6 antimicrobial agents was common [58.8%]
Qaader, D.S., Yousif, S.Y. & Mahdi, L.K. (2006). Prevalence and etiology of urinary stones in hospitalized patients in Baghdad. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/117164
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 12 (6), 853-861, 2006
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