[Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae b meningitis in Tunisia]
AbstractThe incidence of Haemophilus influenzae b meningitis [Hib] in children < 5 years in Tunisia was studied through a surveillance system set up in June 2000 and followed for 14 months. Population-based surveillance began in 3 governorates and sentinel surveillance in 2. Children < 5 years suspected of meningitis had lumbar puncture, macroscopic exam, blood count, chemical analysis and culture carried out. In the 14 months, 80 cases of meningitis were recorded. From the population-based surveillance most cases were children < 1 year [73.6%] and boys [64%]. H. influenzae was isolated in 38% of cases, pneumococci in 13% and meningococci in 7%. The incidence of confirmed Hib was 14.4/100 000 children. The estimated cost of identifying and treating Hib meningitis and its complications was greater than the cost of vaccine introduction. Based this study, the Ministry of Health has decided to introduce Hib vaccination
Soltani, M.S., Bchir, A., Amri, F., Gueddiche, N., Sfar, T. et al. (2005). [Epidemiology of Haemophilus influenzae b meningitis in Tunisia]. http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/116913
EMHJ - Eastern Mediterranean Health Journal, 11 (1-2), 14-27, 2005
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