Recent Submissions

  • تصوّر طلبة الطب البشري حول استخدام بطاقات تصفحية باللغة العربية لدعم دراسة 

    تيم, ياسين; ابو حجلة, مروان; سيكويرا, ريجينالد (‎2017-05)‎
    We explored medical students' perceptions of supporting pharmacology self-learning in English by focused materials prepared in Arabic. This study targeted third-year medical students at the Arabian Gulf University in Bahrain [‎n= 183]‎. During the endocrine and metabolism subunit, which is taught in English, slides containing focused information in Arabic preceded detailed English ones. At the end of the subunit, students' perceptions were explored by a questionnaire and focus group discussions. Most participants reported that this intervention ...
  • Awareness among a Saudi Arabian university community of Middle East respiratory syndrome coronavirus following an outbreak 

    Al Mohaissen, Maha (‎2017-05)‎
    This study aimed to measure the level of awareness of faculty members, staff and students in a female Saudi Arabian university community towards Middle East respiratory syndrome coronvirus [‎MERS-CoV]‎ following an outbreak. A self-administered questionnaire containing knowledge questions was distributed and completed by the 1541 participants. The overall knowledge score was 43.2%. It was only significantly higher in participants from the health colleges [‎50.6%]‎. The majority [‎78.9%]‎ of the respondents recognized the typical symptoms of MERS-CoV ...
  • Coverage of tobacco control in Jordanian newspapers: implications for strengthening the role of news media 

    Bader, Rasha K.; Shtaiwi, Aisha S.; Obeidat, Nour A.; Shihab, Rawan A.; Hawari, Feras I. (‎2017-05)‎
    News media play a critical role in tobacco control. To strengthen this role in Jordan, four newspapers were searched and 1 145 articles between 2011 and 2015 were coded for mention of MPOWER topics and for tone of coverage [‎neutral, pro-, or anti-tobacco control]‎. Monthly counts, mention of tobacco control topics and the tones were examined. The monthly count of tobacco control-related news items showed an upward trend with an average monthly growth of 16%. Peaks in coverage were observed in synchrony with national tobacco control developments. ...
  • Mediator role of experiential avoidance in relationship of perceived stress and alexithymia with mental health 

    Zakiei, Ali; Ghasemi, Seyed Ramin; Gilan, Nader Rajabi; Reshadat, Sohyla; Sharifi, Kasra; Mohammadi, Omid (‎2017-05)‎
    This cross-sectional study investigated the mediatory role of experiential avoidance in the relationship between perceived stress and alexithymia with mental health. We enrolled 440 students [‎age 18-30 years]‎ at Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences through stratified random sampling method. The study tools were demographic checklist, GHQ-28, Toronto Alexithymia Scale-20 and Perceived Stress Scale. Data were analysed by SPSS-18 and AMOS-18 using Pearson correlation, hierarchical regression analysis and structural equation modelling [‎SEM]‎. ...
  • Occult hepatitis B infection in Egyptian health care workers 

    Elmaghloub, Reem; Elbahrawy, Ashraf; El Didamony, Gamal; Hashim, Alaa; Morsy, Mohamed H.; Hantour, Osamah; Hantour, Abdelateef; Abdelbaseer, Mohamed (‎2017-05)‎
    We tested the frequency of occult hepatitis B infection [‎OBI]‎ among Egyptian healthcare workers [‎HCWs]‎. We tested 132 HCWs for hepatitis B virus [‎HBV]‎ DNA by nested polymerase chain reaction [‎PCR]‎, and hepatitis C virus antibody [‎anti-HCV]‎ by ELISA. HCV RNA was measured by nested PCR in anti-HCV-positive HCWs. HBV-DNA-positive HCWs were subjected to HBV genotyping. We included 132 HCWs who were negative for hepatitis B surface antigen and positive for hepatitis B core antibody [‎anti-HBc]‎. OBI was detected in 7 male HCWs, and HBV E genotype was ...
  • Lebanon's experience in surveillance of communicable diseases during a mass gathering: Sixth Francophone Games, 2009 

    Haddad, Nadine; Ammar, Walid; Khoury, Alfred; Cox, Alex; Ghosn, Nada (‎2017-02)‎
    In 2009, Lebanon hosted the 6th Francophone Games. Pandemic A[‎H1N1]‎2009 virus presented significant health threat at the time. A surveillance strategy was implemented for the timely detection and management of epidemiological events and outbreaks, in particular for A[‎H1N1]‎2009 virus cases. Data were collected and managed daily and feedback was generated through daily bulletins. A total of 299 medical consultations were reported, 29% of which related to infectious diseases. There were 10 cases reported as acute respiratory infections; all tested ...
  • واقع إدارة النفايات الطبية السائلة في عدد من مستشفيات مدينة دمشق 

    مخيبر, حنان محمود (‎2017-02)‎
    Large quantities of hazardous medical waste are deposited into hospitals wastewaters and these substances could negatively impact public health if not handled properly. The authorities in the Syrian Arab Republic have realized the seriousness of the problem and have issued a number of laws, guidelines and standard specifications relating to this issue since 2004. This study offers a detailed review of these documents and compares them with related World Health Organization publications. A questionnaire was designed based on the national guide for ...
  • Work profile and associated health hazards among nursing students at Mansoura University, Egypt 

    Abou Elwafa, Hala S.; Khashaba, Eman O.; El Gilany, Abdel Hady; Abdel Raouf, Samar (‎2017-02)‎
    Nursing students are increasingly undertaking paid term-time employment to finance their living expenses and studies. The objectives of this study are to estimate its prevalence, factors associated, and possible health hazards. A cross-sectional study was conducted of nursing students using a questionnaire that included sociodemographic and employment data, reasons for working, possible health hazards in the workplace, and perceived effects on academic performance. The prevalence of student paid employment was found to be 23.3%. Being male and ...
  • Evaluation of the prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking and its related factors in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran 

    Hessami, Zahra; Masjedi, Mohammed R.; Ghahremani, Reza; Kazempour, Mehdi; Emami, Habib (‎2017-02)‎
    This study is designed to evaluate the prevalence of waterpipe tobacco smoking and its related factors among Iranian adults. This is a cross-sectional study carried out during 2013/14 in Tehran, Islamic Republic of Iran, among 1830 citizens aged over 15 years. Sampling was through Stratified multistage cluster sampling with proportional allocation within strata. Global Adult Tobacco Survey [‎GATS]‎ questionnaire for waterpipe consumption was used for data gathering. Data were statistically analyzed by SPSS software. The prevalence of current waterpipe ...
  • Prevalence of self-medication among university students in Baghdad: a cross-sectional study from Iraq 

    Al Ameri, Rawa J.K.; Abdal Badri, Husham J.; Lafta, Riyadh K. (‎2017-02)‎
    The objective of this study is to find out the prevalence and determinants of self-medication among college students in Baghdad, Iraq. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in Al-Mustansiriyah and Al-Nahrain universities, Baghdad, from January to April 2015. A multistage random sampling technique was adopted to collect data from 1435 college students using a questionnaire form. The mean age of the joining students was 19.8 years. Females form 53% of the sample. Self-medications use was prevalent among 92.4% of students. Antipyretics and antibiotics ...
  • Awareness and practice of patients' rights among hospitalized patients at Wad-Medani Teaching Hospital, Sudan 

    Younis, Abobaker A.H.; Hassan, Amal H.A.; Dmyatti, Eylaph M.E.H; Elmubarak, Mehad A.H.; Alterife, Rahma A.A.; Salim, Rawan E.O.; Mohamed, Samar A.B.; Ahmed, Wefag S.A.M. (‎2017-02)‎
    Patients' rights are a fundamental human right and an important part of modern health care practice. This is a cross-sectional descriptive analytic study, conducted amongst 263 patients at Wadi-Medani Teaching Hospital, Sudan, in March-April 2015. Most patients [‎95.2%]‎ did not know about the Bill of Rights and most of them [‎92.8%]‎ were not able to mention any of the patients' rights. The most practiced rights were: the right to be asked for permission before examination [‎88.1%]‎, proper handling [‎87.8%]‎, safety of the hospital [‎87%]‎, presence of ...
  • Dentists' perception of primary health care services in family health and mother and child health clinics in Alexandria, Egypt 

    El Tantawi, Maha; Hamza, Maha A. El Din; Sabry, Marwa M. (‎2017-02)‎
    This study compared dentists' perceptions of provided services in Family Health [‎FH]‎ and Mother and Child Health [‎MCH]‎ clinics. A questionnaire was distributed to 120 dentists in 7 FH and 4 MCH clinics in Alexandria, Egypt in 2012. The questionnaire assessed personal and professional background, perceptions of primary health care [‎PHC]‎ role, types of services provided, patient recall and referral systems and perception of service quality. The response rate was 100%. More FH dentists perceived their role to include providing care for children and ...
  • Prevalence and determinants of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease among a sample of adult smokers in Baghdad, Iraq, 2014 

    Al Lami, Faris; Salim, Zainab (‎2017-02)‎
    This cross-sectional study was conducted to estimate the prevalence and identify determinants of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease [‎COPD]‎ among a convenience sample of 325 adult smokers in Baghdad, Iraq, 2014. Beside demographic variables, participants had Lung Function Questionnaire to assess respiratory symptoms; individuals with a score of </=18 had a spirometry examination. Those with FEV1/FVC ratio 55 [‎OR=2.14, 95% confidence interval = 1.04-4.39]‎, and pack year smoking >40 [‎OR =5.37, 95% confidence interval = 1.70-16.91]‎ were the ...
  • WHO events addressing public health priorities: the prevention of congenital and genetic disorders in the Eastern Mediterranean Region 

    World Health Organization, Regional Office for the Eastern Mediterranean (‎2017-04)‎
  • La résistance à la sectorisation : exemple du gouvernorat 

    Ben Neticha, Kaouther; Aissa, Amina; Abbes, Mouna; Ben Ammar, Hanen; Khelifa, Emira; El Hechmi, Zouhaier (‎2017-04)‎
    Sectorisation was introduced in Tunisia in 1999. The objective of this study was to examine the difficulties and resistance to the sectorisation of psychiatric care in the state of Nabeul. A transversal study was conducted over a period of 5 months from 1 November 2014 to 31 March 2015 on 96 patients resident in the state of Nabeul and treated at Razi hospital. Patients were aged between 18 and 69 years old [‎ sex ratio equal to one]‎, 55.2% were single and 46% had a low socio-economic level [‎n=44]‎. Chronic psychotic disorder was diagnosed in 64.3%, ...
  • Zika in Singapore: implications for Saudi Arabia 

    Ahmed, Qanta A.; Memish, Ziad A. (‎2017-04)‎
  • Improving influenza vaccination rates of healthcare workers: a multipronged approach in Qatar 

    Mustafa, Mulham; Al Khal, Abdullatif; Al Maslamani, Muna; Al Soub, Hussam (‎2017-04)‎
    We assessed whether an influenza vaccination [‎IV]‎ campaign was effective at increasing vaccination rate in healthcare workers [‎HCWs]‎ in 2 hospitals in Doha, Qatar that had no mandatory IV policy. The campaign comprised promotional, educational and vaccine delivery interventions; a dedicated IV team; telephone hotline; free IV with improved access, leadership involvement; incentives; group educational sessions; and reporting/tracking activities. During the 2014/15 influenza season, IV rates according to hospital and HCW category were calculated ...
  • Association of rotating night shift with lipid profile among nurses in an Egyptian tertiary university hospital 

    Gadallah, Mohsen; Hakim, Sally A.; Mohsen, Amira; Eldin, Waleed S. (‎2017-04)‎
    The main objective was to identify whether night shift nurses are more prone to dyslipidaemia than day shift nurses. One hundred and fifty female nurses aged 20-49 years were recruited from Ain Shams University Hospitals, Egypt, from January to March 2016: 64 day shift and 86 night shift. Diet type was assessed by interview questionnaire and job satisfaction was assessed using the job satisfaction survey. Triglyceride [‎TG]‎, low-density lipoprotein [‎LDL]‎ and high-density lipoprotein [‎HDL]‎ were measured in all nurses. The predictors of high TG level ...

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