WHO IRIS >
Regional Office for Europe >
Technical documents >

Files in This Item:

File Description SizeFormat
Thumbnail
E79097.pdf544.56 kBAdobe PDFView/Open
Title: Health aspects of air pollution with particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide : report on a WHO working group, Bonn, Germany 13-15 January 2003
Authors: World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe
Issue Date: 2003
Publisher: Copenhagen : WHO Regional Office for Europe
Language: English
Abstract: Detailed knowledge on the effects of air pollutants on human health is a prerequisite for the development of effective policies to reduce the adverse impact of ambient air pollution. The second edition of WHO's Air quality guidelines (AQG) for Europe, formulated in 1996, summarizes systematically the effects of several air pollutants. These guidelines have been used extensively to establish regulatory frameworks for air quality assessment and management. To support the development of European Union policy on clean air for Europe (CAFÉ), this WHO Working Group (WG) was convened to review systematically the most recent scientific evidence on the adverse health effects of particulate matter (PM), ozone (O3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2). The review focused on studies that were published after the second edition of the WHO AQG was produced, and which have been influential in changing our views on health-related aspects of the substances under consideration. The WG adopted a recommendation to use fine particulate matter, (PM2.5), as the indicator for health effects induced by particulate pollution such as increased risk of mortality in Europe, to supplement the commonly used PM10 (which includes fine and coarse particles). It also acknowledged the evidence that ozone produces short-term effects on mortality and respiratory morbidity, even at the low ozone concentrations experienced in many cities in Europe. Based on these findings the WG recommended that WHO should update exposure-response relationships for the most severe health outcomes induced by particulate matter and ozone presented by AQGs. The WG also concluded that an update of the current WHO AQG for nitrogen dioxide, which is also an important precursor for the formation of ozone and particulate matter, was not warranted
Description: EUR/03/5042688
94 p.
Subject: Air
Ozone
Nitrogen Dioxide
Air pollutants, Environmental
Environmental Exposure
Meta-Analysis
Guidelines as Topic
Context: standards
adverse effects
Gov't Doc #: EUR/03/5042688
URI: http://www.who.int/iris/handle/10665/107478
Appears in Collections:Technical documents



Items in WHO IRIS are protected by copyright, with all rights reserved, unless otherwise indicated.