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Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 1346
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Maximizing the treatment and prevention potential of antiretroviral drugs: early country experiences towards implementing a treat-all policy: programmatic update
World Health Organization ( 2015-07 )
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Review and reorientation of the Serbian national programme for early detection of cervical cancer towards greater health equity
( 2015 )
Abstract

Studies conducted in Serbia and worldwide concluded that socioeconomic determinants of health, such as gender, wealth, ethnicity and place of living, are strongly associated with health status. Recognized inequalities in health due to differences in socioeconomic status require a structured institutional response and multisectoral actions at many levels. The WHO Regional Office for Europe proposed using methodology developed to review and reorient national strategies, programmes and actions (SPAs) towards greater equity. The Serbian Ministry of Health appointed a working team to review their national programme for early detection of cervical cancer, the chosen SPA. This case study presents the review of the SPA, which identified Roma women and other groups who might not benefit from this programme due to barriers they face at many levels. Along with analysing barriers, it also identifies factors that might facilitate access to this programme. Key recommendations include the need for a multidisciplinary approach focusing on social determinants of health, and intersectoral collaboration of different stakeholders at national, regional and community levels.

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HIV Programme Review in Albania: Antiretrovial therapy and procurement and supply management
Lazarus, Jeffrey V.; Gottfredsson, Magnus; Tavagnutti, Nicolas ( 2015 )
Abstract

This WHO country mission, conducted in March 2015, aimed to review the antiretroviral therapy and procurement and supply management components of the HIV/AIDS programme in Albania in order to address current deficiencies and inform the development of a Concept Note for the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. Albania has a low HIV prevalence overall with 699 individuals diagnosed with HIV in the country at the end of 2013. It is a concentrated epidemic and data on mode of transmission is incomplete. While most of the reported cases are heterosexual transmission there may be a number of unreported or undiagnosed cases among men who have sex with men, people who inject drugs, and sex workers. As of February 2015, 21 children and 339 adult patients with HIV (total of 360) were receiving antiretroviral therapy (ART) in Albania. The number of HIV tests in the country is very low and thus the number of HIV-related deaths in the country is likely to be underestimated. The majority of people living with HIV in Albania are unaware of their infection and thus likely to be actively transmitting the virus. This report provides main and specific recommendations for optimizing HIV testing, ART and developing efficient procurement and supply chain management for HIV in Albania.

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Launch Conference for the Project on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs); 1 December 2014, Moscow, Russian Federation
( 2015 )
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Meeting of Regional and Global Specialized Polio Reference Laboratories of the WHO European Polio Laboratory Network. 11–12 March 2015 National Institute for Biological Standards and Control, Potters Bar, United Kingdom
( 2015 )
Abstract

The main objective of the meeting was to make a final decision on the adoption of an updated algorithm for poliovirus isolation which is now used by GPLN laboratories in all other WHO regions. Adopting the new testing algorithm will help ensure that laboratories use fully standardized methods across the Region and will improve timeliness of detection of programmatically important polioviruses. The possible implications of using the new testing format and plans for its implementation were discussed at length based on the experience in some laboratories that adopted the change and responses to a comprehensive survey sent to all laboratories by the WHO Regional Office for Europe. The performance of the Polio Laboratory Network in the European Region and the importance of laboratory containment as required by WHO guidelines were also discussed. The meeting produced a set of recommendations for further action and consideration.

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Health systems strengthening in the context of Health 2020: challenges and priorities in the WHO European Region. Expert meeting Barcelona, Spain, 3–4 November 2014
( 2015 )
Abstract

3-4 ноября 2014 г. Отдел систем здравоохранения и общественного здоровья (DSP) Европейского регионального бюро ВОЗ (ЕРБ ВОЗ) организовал совещание с участием ведущих сотрудников DSP и ряда внешних экспертов, тесно сотрудничающих с ЕРБ ВОЗ по вопросам укрепления систем здравоохранения, для обсуждения важнейших задач в этой области. Это совещание стало первым шагом к определению приоритетных направлений укрепления систем здравоохранения в период 2015-2020 гг. Выбранные приоритеты будут включены в проект резолюции по этому вопросу, который будет представлен на рассмотрение 65-й сессии Регионального комитета (РК-65). На Барселонском совещании также были обсуждены содержание и важнейшие положения предстоящего проекта стратегического документа ЕРБ ВОЗ, в котором будет изложена позиция Регионального бюро относительно приоритетов укрепления ориентированных на человека систем здравоохранения в течение следующих пяти лет, что является необходимым условием достижения целей, поставленных в политике Здоровье-2020. В процессе определения приоритетных направлений деятельности участники совещания обсудили основные ограничения, задачи и проблемы, с которыми системам здравоохранения по-видимому, придется иметь дело в ближайшие пять-десять лет, принимая во внимание разнообразие условий в странах Европейского региона ВОЗ. Участники совещания определили, каким образом ВОЗ может наилучшим образом поддерживать эффективную работу государств-членов в решении приоритетных задач на страновом и региональном уровнях, а также выработали приоритеты для формирования фактических данных, необходимых для укрепления систем здравоохранения в государствах-членах.

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Health systems strengthening in the context of Health 2020: challenges and priorities in the WHO European Region. Expert meeting Barcelona, Spain, 3–4 November 2014
( 2015 )
Abstract

From November 3-4, 2014, the Division of Health Systems and Public Health (DSP), the WHO Regional Office for Europe, brought together senior staff in the Division of Health Systems and Public Health of the WHO Regional Office for Europe and external experts who have worked closely with WHO Europe on health systems strengthening to identify priority areas for health systems strengthening. The meeting was the first step in identifying priorities for health systems strengthening from 2015 to 2020 for a draft resolution to be submitted to the RC65. The meeting was also an opportunity to discuss the content of the upcoming WHO Regional Office’s draft strategic document which will inform the positioning of the Regional Office’s priorities in strengthening people-centered health systems for the next five years, to realize the goals of Health 2020. In identifying priorities, the group discussed key constraints and challenges health systems are likely to face in the next five to ten years, taking into account the diversity of countries in the European Region. The group identified ways in which WHO can best support member states (at country and regional level) to make progress in the priority areas and identified priorities for generating the evidence needed to support member states in health systems strengthening.

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WHO Meeting on Strengthening measles and rubella laboratory network in the Russian Federation and Newly Independent States. 8–10 September 2014 Hammamet, Tunisia.
( 2015 )
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WHO Meeting on Strengthening measles and rubella laboratory network in the Russian Federation and Newly Independent States. 8–10 September 2014 Hammamet, Tunisia.
( 2015 )
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Third meeting of the European Regional Verification Commission for Measles and Rubella Elimination (RVC); 10-12 November 2014 Copenhagen, Denmark
( 2015 )
Abstract

The RVC met for the third time on 10– 12 November 2014 in Copenhagen, Denmark. The 8-member panel evaluated 59 country reports, annual status updates (ASU) for 2013 and late-submitted elimination status reports (ESRs) for 2010–2012, received after the 2013 meeting. The RVC was pleased to note that 50 out of 53 Member States have now established NVCs and, as a result, more Member States had submitted timely and complete annual reports than in the previous year. Based on reports submitted, it was concluded that as of the end of 2013, there were 22 countries in which endemic measles transmission had been interrupted, and 23 countries in which endemic rubella transmission was interrupted.

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Launch Conference for the Project on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs); 1 December 2014, Moscow, Russian Federation
( 2015 )
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Second Annual Technical Meeting on Coordinated/Integrated Health Services Delivery (CIHSD); Developing the Framework for Action in the context of the European Policy Health 2020; Istanbul, 17-18 February 2015
( 2015 )
Abstract

The Roadmap to develop a Framework for Action towards Coordinated/Integrated Health Services Delivery (CIHSD) places a strong emphasis on a participatory approach to ensure ownership in the process of its development. This includes input from Member State Technical Focal Points on CIHSD and the Expert Advisory Team. In order to achieve the highest possible engagement, the Second Annual Technical Meeting on CIHSD was called for to report on the progress made since the Kick-Off Technical Meeting in February 2014 and to receive further input. This meeting gave the Member States Technical Focal Points and Expert Advisory Team the opportunity to discuss the continued advancement of key concepts and to facilitate the exchange of experiences and insights from countries and participants. The report at hand and the feedback received during this meeting will be used to further develop and refine the Framework for Action, ensuring the highest possible relevance and practicability for Member States.

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Extraordinary meeting of the European Technical Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (ETAGE). 30 January 2015 Copenhagen, Denmark
( 2015 )
Abstract

The European Technical Advisory Group of Experts on Immunization (ETAGE) met on 30 January 2015 to review and discuss measles and rubella elimination in the WHO European Region and to be briefed and provide input on the advocacy plan for the European Vaccine Action Plan (EVAP). Representatives of the European Regional Verification Commission (RVC) participated at the meeting, to report on their November 2014 review of regional measles and rubella elimination progress as reported by Member States for 2013.

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Identification of risks of endocrinedisrupting chemicals: overview of existing practices and steps ahead. Report of a meeting in Bonn, Germany 7-8 July 2014
( 2015 )
Abstract

The meeting was organized by the WHO European Centre for Environment and Health of the WHO Regional Office for Europe, in cooperation with WHO headquarters. The main objective was to discuss methodologies for assessing the risk of endocrinedisrupting chemicals (EDCs) to human health and, in particular, experiences in assessing exposure to EDCs, health surveillance, and the design and performance of epidemiological studies, as well as of building the capacity necessary to address problems related to EDCs at the national and international levels. Next steps were agreed to facilitate activities aimed at identifying risks to human health from EDCs and supporting countries in implementing the relevant commitments made at the Third Session of the International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM), Nairobi, Kenya, 17-21 September 2012 and the Fifth European Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in Parma, Italy, 10-12 March 2010.

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Regional Collaborating Committee on Tuberculosis Control and Care (RCC–TB). Third meeting Copenhagen, Denmark, 24 November 2014
( 2015 )
Abstract

The third meeting of the Regional Collaborating Committee on Tuberculosis Care and Control (RCC-TB) steering group was held in Copenhagen, Denmark on 24 November 2014, with the participation of members and observers, including representatives from WHO country offices in the Region. This report briefly summarizes outputs from the presentations, discussion and working group sessions, and indicates future action.

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Improving the allocation of health care resources in Poland
Nagy, Balázs ( 2015 )
Abstract

Poland has been going through a series of health care reforms with the intention of further improving its health care system. While some changes have been successfully initiated, access to health care remains inequitable and - to some extent - limited; also further improvement is needed in the efficient operation and coordination of the health care system. With better allocation and/or utilization of health care resources it should be possible to reach an approximation to European levels of health status. The aim of the report is to explore ways in which the macro-level resource allocation can be improved to best serve the purposes of the Polish health care system, and to propose methods to pursue this development process. To accomplish this, the Polish context and the aims of strategic resource allocation were explored, international literature on macro level resource allocation was reviewed and tools, methods, practices and procedures for further improvement are proposed.

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Meeting of the Nutrition Knowledge Network Tel Aviv, Israel 10 – 12 March 2013
( 2015 )
Abstract

The World Health Organization Regional Office for Europe organized a meeting of the nutrition knowledge network in March 2013 to advance the agenda of nutrition and health in the European Region. This meeting was immediately followed by a regional consultation on the preparation of the Second International Conference on Nutrition (ICN2) to take place in Rome in November 2014. The preparatory meeting provided an overview of the three malnutrition problems that affect the population in the region in various proportions (undernutrition, micronutrient deficiencies and obesity) and pointed to priority concerns about overall excess consumption of energy, excessive consumption of saturated fat, trans fats, sugar and salt, insufficient consumption of fruit and vegetables and the strong social gradient in overweight, obesity and noncommunicable diseases (NCDs).

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MEETING OF IMMUNIZATION PROGRAMME MANAGERS IN THE WHO EUROPEAN REGION
( 2015 )
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TB Regional EECA Project (TB-REP) Regional Dialogue. United Nations City, Copenhagen, Denmark 28 November 2014. Meeting Report.
( 2015 )
Abstract

The aim of this regional consultation was to discuss and revise the draft concept note for the Tuberculosis Regional Eastern Europe and Central Asia Project for Health System Transformation and Financing Reform to Scale up Drug-Resistant TB Control to be submitted to the Global Fund to Fight AIDS, Tuberculosis and Malaria. The proposal writing is being led by the Moldovan Centre for Health Policies and Studies, the Principal Recipient of the grant. It addresses the needs of 11 countries: Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan, the Republic of Moldova, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Ukraine and Uzbekistan. The WHO Regional Office for Europe is the subrecipient, and will work with the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine, the London School of Economics and Political Science, the European Respiratory Society and the Kazakhstan School of Public Health. Following the consultation and subsequent revisions, the proposal will be sent to the target countries’ Country Coordinating Mechanisms of the Global Fund in order to solicit comments and letters of support in advance of submission to the Global Fund by 30 January 2015.

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First Meeting of the European Union Physical Activity Focal Points Network Rome, Italy 21-22 October 2014
( 2015 )
Abstract

The European Commission and the WHO Regional Office for Europe have started a joint initiative that aims at developing and scaling-up monitoring and surveillance of healthenhancing physical activity (HEPA) in the European Union Member States. An important aspect of this initiative is to set up a network of national physical activity focal points to help provide and validate information on physical activity from EU Member States in line with the monitoring framework established by the EU Council Recommendation on HEPA across sectors, and to integrate that information into WHO Europe’s information system for nutrition, obesity and physical activity (NOPA).

Collection's Items (Sorted by Submit Date in Descending order): 1 to 20 of 1346