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Water and sanitation in the WHO European Region: 2014 Highlights
( 2015 )
Abstract

Despite overall high levels of access to improved drinking-water sources and sanitation facilities in the WHO European Region, the 2014 update of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation shows that there are still people with unmet basic needs in the Region. Significant discrepancies between sub-regions and countries, urban and rural areas as well as wealth-related disparities remain. While 68 million people gained access to improved sanitation between 1990 and 2012, the WHO European Region is not on track to meet the sanitation target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in 2015. Moreover, the Caucasus and central Asia is the only MDG region globally where access to improved drinking-water sources has declined between 1990 and 2012.

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Addressing the social determinants of health: the urban dimension and the role of local government
( 2012 )
Abstract

This report summarizes the evidence on the social determinants of health and the built environment with special reference to the role of local government across countries in the WHO European Region. It draws on the findings of the global Commission on Social Determinants of Health and the European review of social determinants of health and the health divide. Through its leadership, local government has a significant role to play in working across sectors and with civil society partners to support and accelerate action to address the social determinants of health and the causes of health inequalities. The evidence presented here provides the background to the complementary report Healthy cities tackle the social determinants of inequities in health: a framework for action.

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Health 2020: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being
( 2013 )
Abstract

The 53 countries of the European Region approved a new value- and evidence-based health policy framework for the Region, Health 2020, at the session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe in September 2012. Health 2020 focuses on improving health for all and reducing health inequalities, through improved leadership and governance for health. It focuses on today’s major health problems. It identifies four priority areas for policy action and is innovative in terms of responses across all levels and sectors of government and society, emphasizing developing assets and resilience within communities, empowerment and creating supportive environments. It details the strengthened roles of public health services and the health system. Health 2020 was approved in two forms: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being for politicians and those developing policy and the longer Health 2020 policy framework and strategy, which provides more operational detail. Implementing Health 2020 in countries is now the fundamental top-priority challenge for the Region.

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Health 2020, A European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century
( 2013 )
Abstract

The 53 countries of the European Region approved a new value- and evidence-based health policy framework for the Region, Health 2020, at the session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe in September 2012. Health 2020 focuses on improving health for all and reducing health inequalities, through improved leadership and governance for health. It focuses on today’s major health problems. It identifies four priority areas for policy action and is innovative in terms of responses across all levels and sectors of government and society, emphasizing developing assets and resilience within communities, empowerment and creating supportive environments. It details the strengthened roles of public health services and the health system. Health 2020 was approved in two forms: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being for politicians and those developing policy and the longer Health 2020 policy framework and strategy, which provides more operational detail. Implementing Health 2020 in countries is now the fundamental top-priority challenge for the Region.

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Health professional mobility and health systems. Evidence from 17 European countries
Wismar, Matthias; Maier, Claudia B.; Glinos, Irene A.; Dussault, Gilles; Figueras, Josep ( 2011 )
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INJURIES IN EUROPE : A CALL FOR PUBLIC HEALTH ACTION
( 2014 )
Abstract

The WHO Global Health Estimates show that 555 000 deaths occurred in the WHO European Region due to injuries and violence in 2011, representing a decline of 26% from 2000. Injuries account for 6.1% of all deaths and are the leading cause of death in people aged 5-49 years. The three leading causes of injury deaths are self-directed violence (123 000), road traffic injuries (92 000) and falls (78 000). There are inequalities in injury deaths in the Region: mortality rates are 2.7 times higher in males than in females and 2.4 times higher in low- and middle-income countries compared to high-income countries. When all ages are considered, there has been a convergence in mortality since 2000 between low- and middle-income countries and high-income countries; however this gap has widened for children aged less than 15 years. Public health action is needed to reduce inequalities in injuries in the Region.

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Protecting health in Europe from climate change / edited by Bettina Menne ... [et al.]
Sari Kovats, R; Menne, Bettina; Apfel, Franklin; Racioppi, Francesca; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2008 )
Best practice in estimating the costs of alcohol : recommendations for future studies / edited by Lars Moeller and Srdan Matic
Moeller, Lars; Matic, Srdan; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2010 )
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European health care reform : analysis of current strategies / edited and written by Richard B. Saltman and Josep Figueras
Saltman, Richard B; Figueras, Josep; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1997 )
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Les jeunes, l' alcool, la drogue et le tabac / Kellie Anderson
Anderson, Kellie; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1997 )