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Socioeconomic, demographic, spatial and ethnic inequalities in environmental exposure in the municipalities of Fushë Kosovë/Kosovo Polje and Obiliq/Obilić. An exploration of social and environmental vulnerability based on field survey data.
( 2015 )
Abstract

This report gives a first assessment of the scale of environmental inequalities in Obiliq/Obilić and Fushë Kosovë/Kosovo Polje, and the role of socioeconomic, demographic, spatial and ethnic determinants in creating these inequalities. The analysis is based on a field survey and focuses on environmental vulnerabilities in relation to housing, water/hygiene/sanitation, environmental conditions and affordability constraints. The findings show that there are marked inequalities in environmental disadvantage. The greatest inequalities are associated with socioeconomic and ethnic determinants, but spatial and demographic determinants also play a role. Most frequently, Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian (RAE) ethnicity, as well as low income and poor education, are identified as the strongest determinants of increased environmental disadvantage. Yet a range of environmental disadvantages is identified that affect large population groups as well. The report helps to identify potential target groups for social and environmental action and presents a range of examples of the variability of environmental inequalities and vulnerabilities. It shows how environmental equality and vulnerability can be assessed in methodological terms, and emphasizes the need for detailed analysis of inequalities and the most vulnerable population groups before action targeted at specific groups is determined.

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Protecting health in Europe from climate change / edited by Bettina Menne ... [et al.]
Sari Kovats, R; Menne, Bettina; Apfel, Franklin; Racioppi, Francesca; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2008 )
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Climate change and communicable diseases: a manual for health workers
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2011 )
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Implementing the European Regional Framework for Action to protect health from climate change: A status report
( 2015 )
Abstract

How far have Member States in the WHO European Region progressed in implementing the European Commitment to Act on climate change and health? This was the question addressed to members of the Working Group on Health in Climate Change (HIC) of the European Environment and Health Task Force in summer 2012. The HIC members were asked to respond to a comprehensive questionnaire to assess the current status of health-relevant climate change mitigation and adaptation actions. A total of 22 Member States answered the questions focusing on eight thematic areas or topics.

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Выполняя Европейскую региональную рамочную программу действий «Защита здоровья в условиях воздействия изменения климата на окружающую среду» Доклад о ходе работы
( 2015 )
Abstract

Насколько государства-члены Европейского региона ВОЗ продвинулись в деле выполнения Европейского заявления о приверженности активным действиям в отношении проблемы изменения климата и здоровья? Этот вопрос был поставлен перед членами Рабочей группы ВОЗ по вопросам охраны здоровья в условиях изменения климата (HIC) Европейской целевой группы по окружающей среде и здоровью летом 2012 года. Членов HIC попросили заполнить комплексный опросник для оценки настоящего состояния дел в области смягчения последствий изменения климата для здоровья людей и осуществления мер адаптации. В общем, 22 государства-члена ответили на вопросы по восьми тематическим направлениям.

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Climate change: health adaptation strategy and action plan of The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2011 )
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Environmental health inequalities in Europe: assessment report
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2012 )
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Environmental health services in Europe : professional profiles / Martin Fitzpatrick and Xavier Bonnefoy
Fitzpatrick, Martin; Bonnefoy, Xavier; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1998 )
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The Budapest media anthology [electronic resource] : WHO communication campaign for the Fourth Conference on Environment and Health (Budapest, 2004)
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2004 )
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Transport, environment and health / edited by Carlos Dora and Margaret Phillips
Dora, Carlos; Phillips, Margaret; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2000 )