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Economic crisis, health systems and health in Europe: impact and implications for policy
Thomson, Sarah; Figueras, Josep; Evetovits, Tamás; Jowett, Matthew; Mladovsky, Philipa; Maresso, Anna; Cylus, Jonathan; Karanikolos, Marina; Kluge, Hans ( 2014 )
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The Case For Investing In Public Health. A public health summary report for EPHO 8.
( 2014 )
Abstract

The economic crisis has led to increased demand and reduced resources for health sectors. The trend for increasing healthcare costs to individuals, the health sector and wider society is significant. Public health can be part of the solution to this challenge. The evidence shows that prevention can be cost-effective, provide value for money and give returns on investment in both the short and longer terms. This public health summary outlines quick returns on investment for health and other sectors for interventions that promote physical activity and healthy employment; address housing and mental health; and reduce road traffic injuries and violence. Vaccinations and screening programmes are largely cost-effective. Population-level approaches are estimated to cost on average five times less than individual interventions. This report gives examples of interventions with early returns on investment and approaches with longer-term gains. Investing in cost-effective interventions to reduce costs to the health sector and other sectors can help create sustainable health systems and economies for the future.

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Health 2020: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being
( 2013 )
Abstract

The 53 countries of the European Region approved a new value- and evidence-based health policy framework for the Region, Health 2020, at the session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe in September 2012. Health 2020 focuses on improving health for all and reducing health inequalities, through improved leadership and governance for health. It focuses on today’s major health problems. It identifies four priority areas for policy action and is innovative in terms of responses across all levels and sectors of government and society, emphasizing developing assets and resilience within communities, empowerment and creating supportive environments. It details the strengthened roles of public health services and the health system. Health 2020 was approved in two forms: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being for politicians and those developing policy and the longer Health 2020 policy framework and strategy, which provides more operational detail. Implementing Health 2020 in countries is now the fundamental top-priority challenge for the Region.

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Health 2020, A European policy framework and strategy for the 21st century
( 2013 )
Abstract

The 53 countries of the European Region approved a new value- and evidence-based health policy framework for the Region, Health 2020, at the session of the WHO Regional Committee for Europe in September 2012. Health 2020 focuses on improving health for all and reducing health inequalities, through improved leadership and governance for health. It focuses on today’s major health problems. It identifies four priority areas for policy action and is innovative in terms of responses across all levels and sectors of government and society, emphasizing developing assets and resilience within communities, empowerment and creating supportive environments. It details the strengthened roles of public health services and the health system. Health 2020 was approved in two forms: a European policy framework supporting action across government and society for health and well-being for politicians and those developing policy and the longer Health 2020 policy framework and strategy, which provides more operational detail. Implementing Health 2020 in countries is now the fundamental top-priority challenge for the Region.

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Health Systems in Transition; Uzbekistan; Health system review
Ahmedov, Mohir; Azimov, Ravshan; Mutalova, Zulkhumor; Huseynov, Shahin; Tsoyi, Elena; Rechel, Bernd ( 2014 )
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Health professional mobility and health systems. Evidence from 17 European countries
Wismar, Matthias; Maier, Claudia B.; Glinos, Irene A.; Dussault, Gilles; Figueras, Josep ( 2011 )
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Sicily, Italy Assessing health-system capacity to manage sudden large influxes of migrants
( 2014 )
Abstract

WHO’s new European health policy framework, Health 2020, has drawn particular attention to the area of migration and health, along with other issues related to population vulnerability and human rights. Health 2020 provides a comprehensive framework for public health work, as well as values and approaches to much-needed action, in the field of migration and health. Countries of the WHO European Region have experienced a sudden influx of migrants on several occasions in recent years. This has posed significant challenges to the health systems of the recipient countries: it has required a scaling-up of basic services to facilitate the appropriate response to the essential needs of the migrants and to fulfil their fundamental human rights. The capacity of health systems to respond to the arrival of displaced populations and resulting migrant crises largely depends on system readiness, adequate emergency management capabilities and effective multisectoral coordination mechanisms. The recent experience arising from crises in North Africa and the Middle East in particular underlines the need to identify best practices, share experiences and enter into an efficient policy dialogue between stakeholders. It also suggests the need for a long-term programme addressing migrants and health, consistent with World Health Assembly resolution WHA 61.17 of 2008 and the Global Consultation on Migrant Health of 2010 in Madrid, Spain. In response to the mass migration to Lampedusa in 2011, the Italian Ministry of Health supported WHO with a direct contribution to develop a systematic and evidence-based response to the public health needs of migrants within the framework of the Public Health Aspects of Migration in Europe project; this project supports the ongoing work of the WHO European Region to strengthen national and local capacities of Member States to address migrants’ health needs and aspects of public health associated with migrant crises.

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Mapping the status of disease prevention and health promotion at primary health care level in Estonia / edited by Tiia Pertel ... [et al.]
Pertel,Tiia; Koppel, Agris; Kalda, Ruth; Täoemets, Tiina; Vaask, Sirje; Viilup, Janika; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2010 )
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European health care reform : analysis of current strategies / edited and written by Richard B. Saltman and Josep Figueras
Saltman, Richard B; Figueras, Josep; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1997 )
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Capacity of the health system for crisis management : Kazakhstan : 2010
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2012 )