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Legal instruments for environmental health management : report on a WHO coordination meeting of experts, Tashkent, Uzbekistan 21-23 November 1997
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1998 )
Abstract

The meeting was held to discuss and review the first draft chapters of the guidance document entitled "Legal instruments for environmental health management". The content and format were reviewed to allow the contributors to bring them into line with the objectives of the proposed final document. The final document will be proposed for publication by the Regional Office in the current series entitled Environmental health services in Europe. The direction of the project was re-evaluated and changes to the final structure of the document agreed. Special emphasis was again laid on strong coverage of European Union legislation and the approximation process. The meeting stressed again the importance of the project in aiding Member States in the development of their environmental health services and in their commitment to national environmental health action plans (NEHAPs)

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Task force on economy, environment and health : report on a WHO meeting, Dublin, Ireland 17-18 April 1998
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 1998 )
Abstract

The Third European Conference on Environment and Health will be held in London in June 1999. This task force was established to guide the preparation of the outcome document for ministerial decisions, drawing up the principles and main actions to be taken by the Member States of the WHO European Region and by international organizations and institutions. The Meeting focused primarily on the following questions. What use has been made of economic analysis for the recommendations and policies targeted towards environmental health? How have environmental health concerns been integrated into sectoral and macroeconomic recommendations and policies? What lessons can be learned from current practices: the successes, gaps and barriers identified, good practice and failures? How could economic analysis be used to assist Member States in handling economics with respect to environmental health, and in efficiently allocating resources to it? The Meeting also addressed procedures, in particular how the agencies could work better together in the future and whether there were specific needs for establishing new mechanisms of cooperation, and discussed the plan of work for April 1 October 1998

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Guidelines for city twinning produced for the SAVE II cycling project : In Tandem (Promotion of Energy-Efficient Personal Transport in a Network of European Cities)
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2001 )
Abstract

The WHO Centre for Urban Health launched the In Tandem project (Promotion of Energy-efficient Personal Transport in a Network of European Cities), in cooperation with eight European cities. The overall aim of this project is to promote cycling in cities. It is partially funded by the Commission of the European Union DGTREN, Energy and Transport, under its SAVE programme to promote energy efficiency. During Phase II of the project, twinning exchanges between the partner cities were arranged. The aim of these exchanges was to develop or further develop cycling policy through exchange of information and technology transfer. This document makes recommendations for the twinning process, and suggests city pairings. On completion of the process, cities were expected to write a twinning report, including an action plan and feasibility report for promoting cycling in their city

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Precautionary policies and health protection : principles and applications : report on WHO workshop, Rome, Italy 28-29 May 2001
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2002 )
Abstract

Changes in society and rapid developments in technology are producing an ever-increasing variety of agents that may pose unknown risks to human health. Countries and international bodies call for a precautionary approach in making policy choices, and the precautionary principle has received increasing attention as a tool for decision-making in situations of scientific uncertainty. The rationale for applying precautionary policies in the environmental and public health fields is being debated, however, and criteria for developing specific policies remain controversial. WHO therefore convened a workshop: to clarify the concepts and principles of and the options for precautionary policies on the environment and health; to describe the current progress of the work in the field; and to identify the priorities and direction for further work, with special reference to exposure to electromagnetic fields. The workshop started a process in which WHO would review and evaluate the precautionary principle and its application in public health matters. The participants urged that WHO pursue this task

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Methods of assessing human health vulnerability and public health adaptation to climate change / edited by Sari Kovats ... [et al.]
Sari Kovats, R; Menne, Bettina; Ebi, Kristie L; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe; United Nations Environment Programme; World Meteorological Organization; Canada. Health Canada ( 2003 )
Abstract

The fact that climate is changing has become increasingly clear over the past decade. Recent evidence suggests that the associated changes in temperature and precipitation are already adversely affecting population health. The future burden of disease attributable to climate change will depend in part on the timeliness and effectiveness of the interventions implemented. In response to these changing risks, the Third Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in London in 1999 recommended developing the capacity to undertake national assessments of the potential health effects of climate variability and change, with the goal of identifying: 1) vulnerable populations and subgroups and 2) interventions that could be implemented to reduce the current and future burden of disease. The need to facilitate the transfer of expertise among countries was recognized. This publication is designed to address this need by providing practical information to governments, health agencies and environmental and meteorological institutions in both industrialized and developing countries on quantitative and qualitative methods of assessing human health vulnerability and public health adaptation to climate change. An integrated approach to assessment is encouraged because the impact of climate is likely to transcend traditional sector and regional boundaries, with effects in one sector affecting the coping capacity of another sector or region. Part I describes the objectives and the steps for assessing vulnerability and adaptation and Part II discusses the following issues for a range of health outcomes: the evidence that climate change could affect mortality and morbidity; methods of projecting future effects; and identifying adaptation strategies, policies and measures to reduce current and future negative effects. The health outcomes considered are: morbidity and mortality from heat and heat-waves, air pollution, floods and windstorms and food insecurity; vector-borne diseases; waterborne and foodborne diarrhoeal diseases; and adverse health outcomes associated with stratospheric ozone depletion

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Implementing the European Regional Framework for Action to protect health from climate change: A status report
( 2015 )
Abstract

How far have Member States in the WHO European Region progressed in implementing the European Commitment to Act on climate change and health? This was the question addressed to members of the Working Group on Health in Climate Change (HIC) of the European Environment and Health Task Force in summer 2012. The HIC members were asked to respond to a comprehensive questionnaire to assess the current status of health-relevant climate change mitigation and adaptation actions. A total of 22 Member States answered the questions focusing on eight thematic areas or topics.

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Выполняя Европейскую региональную рамочную программу действий «Защита здоровья в условиях воздействия изменения климата на окружающую среду» Доклад о ходе работы
( 2015 )
Abstract

Насколько государства-члены Европейского региона ВОЗ продвинулись в деле выполнения Европейского заявления о приверженности активным действиям в отношении проблемы изменения климата и здоровья? Этот вопрос был поставлен перед членами Рабочей группы ВОЗ по вопросам охраны здоровья в условиях изменения климата (HIC) Европейской целевой группы по окружающей среде и здоровью летом 2012 года. Членов HIC попросили заполнить комплексный опросник для оценки настоящего состояния дел в области смягчения последствий изменения климата для здоровья людей и осуществления мер адаптации. В общем, 22 государства-члена ответили на вопросы по восьми тематическим направлениям.

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Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE project. Recommendations for concentration–response functions for cost–benefit analysis of particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide
( 2013 )
Abstract

This document presents recommendations for concentration–response functions for key pollutants to be included in cost–benefit analysis supporting the revision of the European Union’s air quality policy. It provides a response to a question posed by the European Commission in the framework of the WHO “Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE” project. The essential background to this response was developed through a review of evidence on health aspects of air pollutants summarized by an earlier WHO project, “Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution – REVIHAAP”. This report recommends concentration–response functions and associated background information for several mortality and morbidity effects associated with short- and long-term exposure to particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide. This publication arises from the HRAPIE project and was co-funded by the European Union.

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Rapport sur la santâe en Europe : 2002
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2002 )
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Children's health and environment : developing action plans / by Lucianne Licari, Leda Nemer and Giorgio Tamburlini
Licari, Lucianne; Tamburlini, Giorgio; Nemer, Leda; World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2005 )