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Economic crisis, health systems and health in Europe. Country experiences
Maresso, Anna; Mladovsky, Philipa; Thomson, Sarah; Sagan, Anna; Karanikolos, Marina; Richardson, Erica; Cylus, Jonathan; Evetovits, Tamás; Jowett, Matthew; Figueras, Josep; Kluge, Hans ( 2015 )
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Launch Conference for the Project on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs); 1 December 2014, Moscow, Russian Federation
( 2015 )
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School Environment: Policies and current status
( 2015 )
Abstract

В отчете приведен обзор существующих законов, норм и рекомендаций, направленных на обеспе- чение здоровой окружающей среды в школах и детских садах, информация о неблагоприятных факторах окружающей среды в школах, дизайне, методах и результатах некоторых недавно за- вершенных обследований, а также обзор экспозиции школьников к основным неблагоприятным факторам, включая некоторые загрязнители воздуха внутри помещений, плесень и сырость, недо- статочную интенсивность вентиляции, проблемы в сфере санитарии и гигиены, курение, а также данные об использовании различных способов транспортировки в школу. В то время, как офици- альные документы, направленные на обеспечение здоровой окружающей среды для школьников, приняты в большинстве государств-членов, внедрение и обеспечение соблюдения некоторых норм остается важной проблемой. В некоторых странах необходимы дальнейшие усилия по улучшению санитарных условий в школах, обеспечению адекватной вентиляции, профилактике сырости и плесени, уменьшению источников загрязнения воздуха внутри помещений, соблюдению существу- ющих запретов на курение и продвижению использования активных способов передвижения в школу. Применение гармонизированных методов мониторинга играет ключевую роль для закрытия существующих пробелов в данных, а также выявления и управления неблагоприятными факторами окружающей среды в школах.

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School Environment: Policies and current status
( 2015 )
Abstract

This report includes a summary of existing policies on providing healthy environments in schools and kindergartens, an overview of environmental risk factors in schools, information on design, methods and results of selected recently conducted exposure assessment surveys and a summary of pupils’ exposures to major environmental factors, such as selected indoor air pollutants, mould and dampness and poor ventilation in classrooms, sanitation and hygiene problems, smoking and the use of various modes of transportation to school. While most Member States have comprehensive policies aiming at providing healthy environment for pupils, implementing and enforcing some of these policies is a common challenge. Further efforts are needed to improve school sanitation, provide adequate ventilation, prevent dampness and mould growth, reduce emission of indoor air pollutants, improve enforcement of existing smoking bans, facilitate the use of active transportation modes in some countries. Facilitating the use of harmonized monitoring method is essential for closing existing data gaps, identifying and addressing environmental risk factors in schools.

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Water and sanitation in the WHO European Region: 2014 Highlights
( 2015 )
Abstract

Despite overall high levels of access to improved drinking-water sources and sanitation facilities in the WHO European Region, the 2014 update of the WHO/UNICEF Joint Monitoring Programme for Water Supply and Sanitation shows that there are still people with unmet basic needs in the Region. Significant discrepancies between sub-regions and countries, urban and rural areas as well as wealth-related disparities remain. While 68 million people gained access to improved sanitation between 1990 and 2012, the WHO European Region is not on track to meet the sanitation target of the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) in 2015. Moreover, the Caucasus and central Asia is the only MDG region globally where access to improved drinking-water sources has declined between 1990 and 2012.

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Launch Conference for the Project on the Prevention and Control of Noncommunicable Diseases (NCDs); 1 December 2014, Moscow, Russian Federation
( 2015 )
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Building primary care in a changing Europe. Case studies.
Kringos, Dionne S.; Boerma, Wienke G.W.; Hutchinson, Allen; Saltman, Richard B. ( 2015 )
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Assessing chronic disease management in European health systems. Country reports.
Nolte, Ellen; Knai, Cécile ( 2015 )
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Report of the Regional Director on the work of WHO in the European Region in 2012–2013
( 2014 )
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Report of the fifth meeting of the European Environment and Health Ministerial Board (EHMB)
( 2014 )
Abstract

At its fifth meeting (Vilnius, Lithuania, on 1 July 2014), the European Environment and Health Ministerial Board (EHMB) reviewed the strategic direction of the European Environment and Health Process (EHP) and key strategic partnerships. The EHMB discussed the draft progress report to be submitted to the WHO Regional Committee for Europe and the Committee on Environmental Policy (CEP) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in the autumn of 2014 and adopted a programme of work for the period until its sixth session in February 2015. The EHMB further discussed the preparations for the high-level mid-term review meeting, to be hosted by Israel in November 2014, and initial preparations for the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in 2016. It designated air quality, climate change and chemical safety as its priorities in the period until the Ministerial Conference.