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Identification of risks of endocrinedisrupting chemicals: overview of existing practices and steps ahead. Report of a meeting in Bonn, Germany 7-8 July 2014
( 2015 )
Abstract

The meeting was organized by the WHO European Centre for Environment and Health of the WHO Regional Office for Europe, in cooperation with WHO headquarters. The main objective was to discuss methodologies for assessing the risk of endocrinedisrupting chemicals (EDCs) to human health and, in particular, experiences in assessing exposure to EDCs, health surveillance, and the design and performance of epidemiological studies, as well as of building the capacity necessary to address problems related to EDCs at the national and international levels. Next steps were agreed to facilitate activities aimed at identifying risks to human health from EDCs and supporting countries in implementing the relevant commitments made at the Third Session of the International Conference on Chemicals Management (ICCM), Nairobi, Kenya, 17-21 September 2012 and the Fifth European Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in Parma, Italy, 10-12 March 2010.

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Выполняя Европейскую региональную рамочную программу действий «Защита здоровья в условиях воздействия изменения климата на окружающую среду» Доклад о ходе работы
( 2015 )
Abstract

Насколько государства-члены Европейского региона ВОЗ продвинулись в деле выполнения Европейского заявления о приверженности активным действиям в отношении проблемы изменения климата и здоровья? Этот вопрос был поставлен перед членами Рабочей группы ВОЗ по вопросам охраны здоровья в условиях изменения климата (HIC) Европейской целевой группы по окружающей среде и здоровью летом 2012 года. Членов HIC попросили заполнить комплексный опросник для оценки настоящего состояния дел в области смягчения последствий изменения климата для здоровья людей и осуществления мер адаптации. В общем, 22 государства-члена ответили на вопросы по восьми тематическим направлениям.

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Implementing the European Regional Framework for Action to protect health from climate change: A status report
( 2015 )
Abstract

How far have Member States in the WHO European Region progressed in implementing the European Commitment to Act on climate change and health? This was the question addressed to members of the Working Group on Health in Climate Change (HIC) of the European Environment and Health Task Force in summer 2012. The HIC members were asked to respond to a comprehensive questionnaire to assess the current status of health-relevant climate change mitigation and adaptation actions. A total of 22 Member States answered the questions focusing on eight thematic areas or topics.

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Socioeconomic, demographic, spatial and ethnic inequalities in environmental exposure in the municipalities of Fushë Kosovë/Kosovo Polje and Obiliq/Obilić. An exploration of social and environmental vulnerability based on field survey data.
( 2015 )
Abstract

This report gives a first assessment of the scale of environmental inequalities in Obiliq/Obilić and Fushë Kosovë/Kosovo Polje, and the role of socioeconomic, demographic, spatial and ethnic determinants in creating these inequalities. The analysis is based on a field survey and focuses on environmental vulnerabilities in relation to housing, water/hygiene/sanitation, environmental conditions and affordability constraints. The findings show that there are marked inequalities in environmental disadvantage. The greatest inequalities are associated with socioeconomic and ethnic determinants, but spatial and demographic determinants also play a role. Most frequently, Roma, Ashkali and Egyptian (RAE) ethnicity, as well as low income and poor education, are identified as the strongest determinants of increased environmental disadvantage. Yet a range of environmental disadvantages is identified that affect large population groups as well. The report helps to identify potential target groups for social and environmental action and presents a range of examples of the variability of environmental inequalities and vulnerabilities. It shows how environmental equality and vulnerability can be assessed in methodological terms, and emphasizes the need for detailed analysis of inequalities and the most vulnerable population groups before action targeted at specific groups is determined.

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Report of the fifth meeting of the European Environment and Health Ministerial Board (EHMB)
( 2014 )
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At its fifth meeting (Vilnius, Lithuania, on 1 July 2014), the European Environment and Health Ministerial Board (EHMB) reviewed the strategic direction of the European Environment and Health Process (EHP) and key strategic partnerships. The EHMB discussed the draft progress report to be submitted to the WHO Regional Committee for Europe and the Committee on Environmental Policy (CEP) of the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe (UNECE) in the autumn of 2014 and adopted a programme of work for the period until its sixth session in February 2015. The EHMB further discussed the preparations for the high-level mid-term review meeting, to be hosted by Israel in November 2014, and initial preparations for the Sixth Ministerial Conference on Environment and Health in 2016. It designated air quality, climate change and chemical safety as its priorities in the period until the Ministerial Conference.

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WHO Expert Meeting: Methods and tools for assessing the health risks of air pollution at local, national and international level
( 2014 )
Abstract

In May 2014, the WHO Regional Office for Europe organized a technical meeting to discuss the evidence for air pollution health effects and propose expert advice on the best options and methods to estimate health risks from air pollution and its sources. The workshop proposed an overview of available indoor and outdoor air pollution health risk assessment methods and tools and identified general principles as well as appropriate methods and tools for conducting air pollution health risk assessment for various scenarios and purposes. The meeting provided relevant advice to inform a variety of health risk assessment efforts at local, national and international scales.

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Health aspects of chemical safety: Strategic directions for action of the WHO Regional Office for Europe
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2013 )
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Establishment of a Working Group on climate change and its impact on health (HIC) of the European Environment and Health Task Force (EHTF): Meeting Report 4-6 June, 2012
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2013 )
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Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE project. Recommendations for concentration–response functions for cost–benefit analysis of particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide
( 2013 )
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This document presents recommendations for concentration–response functions for key pollutants to be included in cost–benefit analysis supporting the revision of the European Union’s air quality policy. It provides a response to a question posed by the European Commission in the framework of the WHO “Health risks of air pollution in Europe – HRAPIE” project. The essential background to this response was developed through a review of evidence on health aspects of air pollutants summarized by an earlier WHO project, “Review of evidence on health aspects of air pollution – REVIHAAP”. This report recommends concentration–response functions and associated background information for several mortality and morbidity effects associated with short- and long-term exposure to particulate matter, ozone and nitrogen dioxide. This publication arises from the HRAPIE project and was co-funded by the European Union.

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Environmental health inequalities in Europe: assessment report
World Health Organization. Regional Office for Europe ( 2012 )